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Plastic Composites

  • K. Tarvainen
  • L. Kanerva

Abstract

Composites are combinations of two or more materials that are not dissolved or melted together. Plastic composites (PC) are manufactured by combining materials at least one of which is of plastic origin. Today a PC product usually has a sandwich structure that consists of several variable layers of reinforcing manmade mineral fibres (MMMF) and matrix polymer materials. MMMFs increase the strength of the final product. The matrix binds reinforcing fibres and protects fine filaments from corrosion, oxidation or other forms of environmental degradation (Kelly 1994; Tarvainen and Kanerva 1999). Newer PC products can contain a nonplastic part, e.g. steel, stone, cement or wood. In dental composites, inorganic materials, e.g. glass particles, are embedded in acrylic plastic (Kanerva et al. 1989). The most common PCs are reinforced plastics, in which thermosetting resins, e.g. unsaturated polyester resins, epoxy resins and vinyl ester resins, are the most frequently used matrix resins (Table 1).

Keywords

Contact Dermatitis Unsaturated Polyester Natural Rubber Latex Phthalic Anhydride Unsaturated Polyester Resin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Tarvainen
  • L. Kanerva

There are no affiliations available

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