Irritant dermatitis caused by cement was described as early as 1700 (Calnan i960). In 1908, the first cases of cement eczema since the introduction of modern Portland cement were seen among workers building the Metro in Paris and were described as “la gâle du ciment” (Martial 1908). In 1950, Jäeger and Pelloni brought to light the importance of the chromium content of cement as the cause of chromium allergy among workers with cement eczema. In 1970, Høvding published an epidemiological study in which 20 (5.5%) from a group of 366 bricklayers and bricklayers’ assistants had cement eczema. Seventeen of these workers with cement eczema (85%) reacted positively to patch tests with Chromate (Høvding 1970).


Clay Nickel Silicate Chromium Cobalt 


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