Occupational Diseases of the Oral Mucosa

  • L. Kanerva


Occupational diseases of the mucosa are relatively uncommon. They can be divided into acute and chronic diseases (Bork et al. 1993). The acute diseases are usually accidental, e.g., chemical burns in laboratory workers when they pipette strong acids or bases. Caustic fumes or burning gases may cause more widespread lesions, including lesions of the oral mucosa. Cooks and housewives may burn their mouths when tasting hot foods. Infectious diseases may affect the oral mucosa in the work of, for example, veterinarians, butchers, ranchers, shepherds and farmers. Diseases such as orf, anthrax, and brucellosis may be occupationally transmitted. In medical and dental personnel, occupational herpes has been reported.


Contact Dermatitis Oral Mucosa Occupational Disease Phthalic Anhydride Gingival Recession 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Amir J, Nussinovitch M, Kieper R, Cohen HA, Varsano I (1997) Primary herpes simplex virus type 1 gingivostomatitis in pediatric personnel. Infection 25:310–312PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Bar-Sela S, Levy M, Westin JB, Laster R, Richter ED (1992) Medical findings in nickel-cadmium battery workers. Isr J Med Sci 28:578–583PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Bleehen SS, Ebling FJG, Champion RH (1992) Disorders of skin color. In: Champion RH, Burton JL, Ebling FJG (eds) Textbook of dermatology, 5th edn. Blackwell Scientific, London, pp 1561–1622Google Scholar
  4. Browning E (1969) Toxicity of industrial metals, 2nd edn. Butterworth, London, pp 149Google Scholar
  5. Bruze M (1994) Allergic contact cheilitis related to university studies. Contact Dermatitis 30:313PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Burrows D, Adams RM (1990) Metals. In: Adams RM (ed) Occupational skin disease, 2nd edn. Saunders, Philadelphia, PP 349–386Google Scholar
  7. Burton JL (1993) The lips. In: Champion RH, Burton JL, Ebling FJG (eds) Textbook of dermatology. Blackwell, London pp 2761–2774Google Scholar
  8. Cummings KM, Michalek AM, Carl W, Wood R, Haley NJ (1989) Use of smokeless tobacco in a group of professional baseball players. J Behav Med 12:559–567PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Dimitrowa J, Obreshkowa E, Tsankov N, Zaimova Z (1984) Pemphigus Vulgaris induziert durch ultraviolette Strahlen und das Pesticid Baytan. Dtsch Dermatol 32:971–976Google Scholar
  10. Dummett CO (1971) Systemic significance of oral pigmentation and discoloration. Postgrad Med 49:78–82PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Estlander T, Jolanki R, Kanerva L, Kari O, Mölsä K (1996) Occupational conjunctivitis associated with type IV allergy to methacrylates. Allergy 51:56–59PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Estlander T, Jolanki R, Kanerva L, Kari O (1998) Occupational allergic contact dermatitis and blepharoconjunctivitis caused by gold. Contact Dermatitis 38:40–41PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Everett MA (1979) Metal discolorations. In: Demis DJ, et al. (eds) Clinical dermatology (unit 11–14). Harper & Row Inc., Hagerstown, p 4Google Scholar
  14. Friedman SJ, Connolly SM (1986) Clarinettist’s cheilitis. Cutis 38:183–184PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Galun E, Rubinow A (1989) Photocopier’s papillitis. Lancet 2:929PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Granstein RD, Sober AJ (1981) Drug and heavy metal induced hyperpigmentation. J Am Acad Dermatol 5:1–18PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Hausen BM (1982) Incidence and significance of toxic and allergic contact dermatitis caused by machaerium scleroxylum Tul. (Pao ferro), a substitute wood for palisander (in German). Hautarzt 33:321–328PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Hochman N, Ehrlich J, Zakay-Rones Z (1989) Oral cavity herpes simplex virus — a risk factor to dental personnel and patients (an overview). Isr J Dent Sci 2:2158–2161Google Scholar
  19. Hytönen M, Vanhanen M, Keskinen H, Tuomi T, Tupasela O, Nordman H (1994) Pharyngeal edema caused by occupational exposure to cellulase enzyme. Allergy 49:782–784PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kanerva L, Estlander T, Jolanki R, Pekkarinen E (1992) Occupational pharyngitis associated with allergic patch test reactions from acrylics. Allergy 47:571–573PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Kanerva L, Estlander T, Jolanki R, Förström L, Granlund H, Leino T, Pinola A, Tarvainen K (1994) A single accidental exposure may result in a chemical burn, primary sensitization and allergic contact dermatitis. Contact Dermatitis 31:229–235PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Lim JT, Ng SK, Goh CL (1992) Contact cheilitis in Singapore. Contact Dermatitis 27:263–264PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Nicolini S, Ascorra C, Guzman C, Latife AV (1989) Actinic cheilitis in Quinta fishing workers: prevalence and associated histopathological aspects (in Spanish). Odontol Chil 37: 169–174PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Nowicka J, Zajaczkowska-Bialowas L, Kuc B, Sibora P (1988) Clinical picture of dentition, periodontium and mouth mucosa in pharmaceutical industry workers (in Polish). Med Pr 39:130–136PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. O’Carroll RE, Masterton G, Dougall N, Ebmeier KP, Goodwin GM (1995) The neuropsychiatrie sequelae of mercury poisoning. The Mad Hatter’s disease revisited. Br J Psychiatry 167:5–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Palatsi R, Oksanen A, Sormunen R, Kallioinen M, Karvonen J (1993) The first Orf virus epidemic diagnosed in man and reindeer in 1992–1993 in Finland (in Finnish). Duodecim. 109:1945–1950PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Petersen PE, Henmar P (1988) Oral conditions among workers in the Danish granite industry. Scand J Work Environ Health 14:328–331PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Pirogova EP, Katyukhina ZD (1970) Artificial dermatitis caused by garlic. Vestn Dermatol Venerol 44:53–54PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Reif JS, Webb PA, Monath TP, Emerson JK, Poland JD, Kemp GE, Cholas G (1987) Epizootic vesicular stomatitis in Colorado, 1982: infection in occupational risk groups. Am J Trop Med Hyg 36:177–182PubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Roto P, Sala E (1996) Occupational laryngitis caused by formaldehyde: a case report. Am J Ind Med 29:275–277PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Sala E, Hytönen M, Tupasela O, Estlander T (1996) Occupational laryngitis with immediate allergic and immediate type specific chemical hypersensitivity. Clin Otolaryngol 21:42–48PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Schmidt OEL (1941) Chrysiasis. Arch Dermatol Syphilol 44: 446–452CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Schneider HG, Schworer H (1982) Effect of cement dust on periodontal conditions (in German). Z Arztl Fortbild (Jena) 76:357–360Google Scholar
  34. Schrallhammer-Benkler K, Ring J, Przybilla B, Meurer M, Landthaler M (1992) Acute mercury intoxication with lichenoid drug eruption followed by mercury contact allergy and development of antinuclear antibodies. Acta Derm Venereol 72:294–296PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Tsankov N, Dimitrowa J, Lasarowa A, Obreschkowa E (1987) Induced pemphigus caused by the pesticide phosphamide (in German). Z Hautkr 62:196–201PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Tsankov N, Kostowa M, Mitrova T, Obreshkova E, Stransky L (1990) Induzierter Pemphigus durch beruflichen Kontakt mit Basochrom. Derm Beruf Umwelt 38:91–93PubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Tsankov N, Gantcheva M, Kazandjieva J (1998) Contact pemphigus induced by dihydrodiphenyltrichlorethane. Eur J Dermatol 8:442–443PubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Vozza A, Ruocco V, Brenner S, Wolf R (1996) A case of “contact pemphigus”. Int J Dermatol 35:199–201PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Westergaard J, Moe D, Pallesen U, Holmen L (1993) Exaggerated abrasion/erosion of human dental enamel surfaces: a case report. Scand J Dent Res 101:265–269PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Kanerva

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations