Mechanical Causes of Occupational Skin Disease

  • L. Kanerva

Abstract

The skin is well adapted to cope with many types of trauma, but excessive friction and microtrauma can result in the formation of various dermatoses (Table 1). Microtraumas include a variety of superficial skin injuries: friction, abrasions, pressure, stretching, compressions, cuts, etc. Mechanical insults to the skin may affect all levels of the skin from the cornified layer through the subcutaneous fat. The time allowed for adaptation determines the reaction of the skin. Slowly increasing pressure or friction induces hyperkeratosis, lichenification and calluses, while sudden friction can induce blisters. The effects of trauma are modified by humidity, sweating, age, gender, nutritional status, infection, genetic and racial factors.

Keywords

Dust Welding Rubber Oxalate Psoriasis 

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

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  • L. Kanerva

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