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Mining (Tunneling)

  • H. Rast
  • P. Elsner

Abstract

Modern mining comprises the mechanized winning of mineral resources in strip or drift mining, whereas tunneling deals with the construction of subterranean road, underground and railroad connections, subterranean installations and their access tunnels, but also with water tunnels (supplying dam plants and power plants) and pipelines. While mining has lost much of its former significance in Western Europe (the trend being particularly marked in the field of coal mining), modern, fully mechanized tunneling is still very popular today (for example, the Eurotunnel connecting France and the United Kingdom, and various tunnels crossing the Alps). The risk of skin disease for miners may be linked directly with the special characteristics of the resources being won, but it may also depend on the applied working method — which is often very similar in modern tunneling and in mining.

Keywords

Ammonium Nitrate Nickel Sulfate Phenol Formaldehyde Resin Water Tunnel Sodium Aluminate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Irvine C, et al. (1994) Occup Med 44:17–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Foussereau J (1991) Guide de dermato-allergologie professionnelle. Masson, ParisGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Rast
  • P. Elsner

There are no affiliations available

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