Stabilität — eine vielfältige Aufgabe

  • Christine Hamilton
  • Carolyn Richardson
Part of the Rehabilitation und Prävention 1 book series (REHABILITATION, volume 1)

Zusammenfassung

Der Erfolg einer physiotherapeutischen Behandlung hängt davon ab, wie geschickt und genau der Therapeut dem Patienten dazu verhelfen kann, sich wieder adäquat, sicher, wirksam und effizient zu bewegen. Viele Übungen und Techniken der Funktionellen Bewegungslehre versuchen daher, sich in gleichem Maß auf die nebeneinander bestehenden Notwendigkeiten einer effizienten Mobilität und einer adäquaten Stabilität zu beziehen. Die muskuläre Funktion ist in gewisser Weise gegensätzlich, insofern als neuromuskuläre Aktivität Bewegung sowohl in Gang setzt als auch einschränkt. Aber es ist die Beschränkung von Bewegungen, die Stabilität und Schutz der Gelenke im wesentlichen bestimmt (Hogan 1990; Dynamische Stabilisierung). Andererseits verursacht mangelnde Beschränkung von Bewegungen Instabilität, was allgemein als eine Ursache für chronische Schmerzen gilt (Panjabi 1992 a). Dies ist besonders offensichtlich im Bereich der Lendenwirbelsäule, wo hohe Stabilitätsanforderungen bestehen (White u. Panjabi 1990) und wo es häufig zu Schmerzen kommt (Andersson 1981; Troup et al. 1981). Wirksame Methoden für Test und Behandlung einer Instabilität der Wirbelsäule sind daher für Prävention und Behandlung wiederkehrender Schmerzen im Lumbaibereich („low back pain“, LBP) von besonderem Interesse.

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christine Hamilton
  • Carolyn Richardson

There are no affiliations available

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