The Ocean as an Acoustic Medium

  • Leonid M. Brekhovskikh
  • Yury P. Lysanov
Part of the Springer Series on Wave Phenomena book series (SSWAV, volume 8)


The ocean is an extremely complicated acoustic medium. The most characteristic feature of the oceanic medium is its inhomogeneous nature. There are two kinds of inhomogeneities, regular and random, and both strongly influence the sound field in the ocean. For example, the regular variation of the sound velocity with depth leads to the formation of the underwater sound channel and, as a consequence, to long-range sound propagation. The random inhomogeneities give rise to scattering of sound waves and, therefore, to fluctuations in the sound field.


Internal Wave Sound Velocity Gulf Stream Sound Field Grazing Angle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Leonid M. Brekhovskikh
    • 1
  • Yury P. Lysanov
    • 2
  1. 1.P.P. Shirsov Institute of OceanologyAcademy of Sciences of the USSRMoscowUSSR
  2. 2.Acoustics InstituteAcademy of Sciences of the USSRMoscowUSSR

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