• S. Dressler
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 6)


Terrestrial, hemiepiphytic or epiphytic lianas or shrubs, rarely small trees. Hypophyllous glands, raphide cells and variously shaped sclereids frequently present. Leaves simple, alternate, exstipulate, glabrous, margins entire or (some Marcgravia) minutely crenate. Inflorescences terminal, racemose, sometimes resembling umbels or spikes, erect or pendulous; bracts transformed into variously shaped nectaries; pedicels mostly with two sepaloid prophylls. Flowers hermaphroditic, actinomorphic, hypogynous; sepals (4)5, unequal, free or nearly so, imbricate, persistent; petals 3–5, imbricate, free or connate; stamens 3-many; filaments free or basally connate, uni- to biseriate; anthers basifixed or nearly so, tetrasporangiate, introrse, longitudinally dehiscent. Ovary superior, completely or incompletely 2–20-locular; ovules few to numerous, anatropous. Fruit subglobose, apiculate with persistent style and stigma, capsular, loculicidally and septifragously dehiscent from the base or berry-like and irregularly dehiscent, pulpy inside. Seeds exotestal-theoid, hemispherical to reniform, few to numerous with a shiny reticulate testa; endosperm scanty or lacking; embryo straight.


Pollen Morphology Palisade Parenchyma Inflorescence Axis Andean Cordillera Inflorescence Structure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

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  • S. Dressler

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