Lissocarpaceae

  • B. Wallnöfer
Chapter
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 6)

Abstract

Small, glabrous trees without latex. Leaves alternate, simple, exstipulate, finely and pinnately veined, with entire margins; extrafloral nectaries often present on abaxial leaf surface. Inflorescences axillary, racemose. Flowers with prophylls, articulated at base, sessile or shortly pedicellate, actinomorphic, 4-merous, unisexual (plants probably dioecious); calyx campanulate with 4 imbricate, retuse lobes, persistent but not enlarging in fruit; corolla sympetalous, isomerous with calyx, with lobes contorted sinistrorsely; tube prominent, bearing distally a corona of 8 lobes which, however, is missing in some species; male flowers with 8 stamens in one whorl, the filaments shortly connate and attached to the corolla tube below the middle; anthers linear, erect, basifixed, with an apiculate-prolonged connective, 4-sporangiate, dehiscing by longitudinal slits; locules and ovules not developed; female flowers: staminodes resembling stamens, but anthers collapsed and without pollen; gynoecium syncarpous, 4-carpellate; ovary inferior, 4-locular; style terminal; stigma shallowly 4-lobed; ovules 2 per locule, anatropous; placentation apical. Fruit an ovoid berry with a persistent calyx; seeds 1–2 by abortion, pendulous; hilum relatively small, apical; testa smooth, thin, coriaceous; endosperm horny, abundant, smooth; embryo straight, with two small foliaceous cotyledons and a strongly developed radicle.

Keywords

Perforation Trop Peru Colombia Venezuela 

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

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  • B. Wallnöfer

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