Advertisement

Tovariaceae

  • O. Appel
  • C. Bayer
Chapter
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 5)

Abstract

Coarse herbs or soft shrubs, sometimes somewhat scrambling or tree-like, glabrous or pubescent, odorous. Leaves alternate, trifoliolate; stipules minute. Racemes terminal and axillary, lax, bracteate; pedicels without prophylls. Flowers hermaphroditic, actinomorphic, greenish to white or yellowish. Sepals (6−)8(−10), distinct, caducous. Petals (6−)8(9), distinct, shortly clawed. Disk mainly extrastaminal, low, nectariferous between filament bases. Stamens usually 8, alternipetalous; filaments sometimes pubescent at base; anthers basifixed, sagittate, occasionally ± apiculate, longitudinally dehiscent. Gynophore very short or absent. Ovary imperfectly (4−)6(−8)-locular; placentae axile (in lower portion of ovary), strongly protruding; style short or absent, persistent, stigma 6−8-rayed; ovules numerous, campylotropous, bitegmic, crassinucellate. Fruit a berry, (sub-)globose, leathery, with fleshy pulp. Seeds very numerous, minute, with scarce endosperm; embryo curved, incumbent, containing oil, cotyledons flat.

Keywords

Leaf Trace Axial Parenchyma Stamen Primordia Indole Glucosinolates Apium Graveolens 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Selected Bibliography

  1. Andersson, L. 1995.70. Tovariaceae. Flora Ecuador 52: 15–20. Behnke, H.-D. 1981. Sieve-element characters. Nord. J. Bot. 1: 381–400.Google Scholar
  2. Behnke, H.-D., Eschlbeck, G. 1978. Dilated cisternae in Capparales–an attempt towards the characterization of a specific endoplasmatic reticulum. Protoplasma 7: 351–363.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Boesewinkel, F.D. 1990. Ovule and seed development of Tovaria pendula Ruiz et Pavon. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 111: 389–401.Google Scholar
  4. Carlquist, S. 1985. Vegetative anatomy and familial placement of Tovaria. Aliso 11: 69–76.Google Scholar
  5. D’Arcy, W.G. 1979. Flora of Panama, part IV, family 73A. Capparaceae-Tovarioideae. Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard. 66: 117–121.Google Scholar
  6. Erdtman, G. 1952. See general references.Google Scholar
  7. Fisel, K.J., Weberling, F. 1990. Untersuchungen zur Morphologie und Ontogenie der Blüten von Tovaria pendula Ruiz & Pavon und Tovaria diffusa (Macfad.) Fawcett & Rendle (Tovariaceae). Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 111: 365–387.Google Scholar
  8. Goldblatt, P. 1978. Chromosome number in two cytologically unknown New World families, Tovariaceae and Vivianiaceae. Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard. 65: 776–777.Google Scholar
  9. Jørgensen, L.B. 1981. Myrosin cells and dilated cisternae of the endoplasmatic reticulum in the order Capparales. Nord. J. Bot. 1: 433–445.Google Scholar
  10. Jørgensen, L.B. 1995. Stomatal myrosin cells in Caricaceae. Taxonomic implications for a glucosinolate-containing family. Nord. J. Bot. 15: 523–540.Google Scholar
  11. Karol, K.G., Rodman, J.E., Conti, E., Sytsma, K.J. 1999. Nucleotide sequence of rbcL and phylogenetic relationships of Setchellanthus caeruleus (Setchellanthaceae). Taxon 48: 303–315.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kjaer, A. 1968. Glucosinolates in Tovariaceae. Phytochemistry 7: 131–133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kolbe, K.P. 1978. Serologische Beiträge zur Systematik der Capparales. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 99: 468–489.Google Scholar
  14. Lagerheim, G. de 1892. Zur Kenntnis der Tovariaceen. Ber. Dtsch. Bot. Ges. 10: 163–169.Google Scholar
  15. Mauritzon, J. 1934. Die Embryologie einiger Capparidaceen sowie von Tovaria pendula. Ark. Bot. 26A, 15: 1–14.Google Scholar
  16. Pax, F. 1891. Tovariaceae. In: Engler, A., Prantl, K. (eds.) Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien III, 2. Leipzig: W. Engelmann, pp. 207–208.Google Scholar
  17. Pax, F., Hoffmann, K. 1936. Tovariaceae. In: Engler, A., Harms, H. (eds.) Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, 2nd edn. Vol. 17b. Leipzig: W. Engelmann, pp. 224–226.Google Scholar
  18. Rodman, J.E., Karol, K.G., Price, R.A., Sytsma, K.J. 1996. Molecules, morphology, and Dahlgren’s expanded order Capparales. Syst. Bot. 21: 289–307.Google Scholar
  19. Rössler, W. 1974. Myrosinzellen bei Tovaria. Phyton (Horn) 16: 231–238.Google Scholar
  20. Schraudolf, H. 1965. Zur Verbreitung von Glucobrassicin and Neoglucobrassicin in höheren Pflanzen. Experientia 21: 520–522.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Schraudolf, H. 1969. Serotonin und Indolglucosinolate in.Tovaria pendula. Naturwissenschaften 56: 462–463.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Schürhoff, P.N. 1926. Die Zytologie der Blütenpflanzen.Google Scholar
  23. Stuttgart: F. Enke.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. Appel
  • C. Bayer

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations