• O. Appel
  • C. Bayer
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 5)


Coarse herbs or soft shrubs, sometimes somewhat scrambling or tree-like, glabrous or pubescent, odorous. Leaves alternate, trifoliolate; stipules minute. Racemes terminal and axillary, lax, bracteate; pedicels without prophylls. Flowers hermaphroditic, actinomorphic, greenish to white or yellowish. Sepals (6−)8(−10), distinct, caducous. Petals (6−)8(9), distinct, shortly clawed. Disk mainly extrastaminal, low, nectariferous between filament bases. Stamens usually 8, alternipetalous; filaments sometimes pubescent at base; anthers basifixed, sagittate, occasionally ± apiculate, longitudinally dehiscent. Gynophore very short or absent. Ovary imperfectly (4−)6(−8)-locular; placentae axile (in lower portion of ovary), strongly protruding; style short or absent, persistent, stigma 6−8-rayed; ovules numerous, campylotropous, bitegmic, crassinucellate. Fruit a berry, (sub-)globose, leathery, with fleshy pulp. Seeds very numerous, minute, with scarce endosperm; embryo curved, incumbent, containing oil, cotyledons flat.


Leaf Trace Axial Parenchyma Stamen Primordia Indole Glucosinolates Apium Graveolens 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

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  • O. Appel
  • C. Bayer

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