Salvadoraceae

  • K. Kubitzki
Chapter
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 5)

Abstract

Shrubs or small trees, sometimes spiny, some with odour of mustard oils. Leaves opposite, simple, entire, usually coriaceous, with minute stipules. Inflorescences terminal or axillary racemes, often compound and condensed; flowers small, actinomorphic, hypogynous, perfect or unisexual (the plants then variously polygamous or dioecious); sepals 2–4(5), connate into a lobed tube, the lobes imbricate or more or less valvate; petals 4(5), distinct or (Salvadora) shortly connate at the base, imbricate, usually with teeth or glands on inner side; stamens 4(5), alternipetalous, filaments free (Azima), connate below into tube (Dobera), or adnate at the base to the corolla tube (Salvadora); anthers dorsifixed, tetrasporangiate, opening with longitudinal slits; nectary disk absent or represented by small, distinct glands alternating with stamens; gynoecium of 2 carpels fused to form a compound ovary with a short or very short style and entire or bilobed stigma; ovary 2-locular (Azima) or 1-locular (Dobera, Salvadora), with 1 or 2 basal or axile-basal, erect ovules in each locule; ovules anatropous, apotropous, bitegmic, crassinucellate. Fruit a mostly 1-seeded berry or drupe; seeds exalbuminous; embryo straight, with thick, cordate, oily cotyledons.

Keywords

Acidity Oxalate Alkaloid Perforation Bark 

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Selected Bibliography

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

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  • K. Kubitzki

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