Advertisement

Muntingiaceae

  • C. Bayer
Chapter
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 5)

Abstract

Small to medium-sized trees or shrubs; indumentum of stellate, long unbranched, and glandular hairs, especially on young growth; leaves alternate, petiolate, distichous on plagiotropic branches, blades asymmetrically cordate at base, palminerved, margin serrate; stipule-like appendages dimorphic at least on plagiotropic branches, filiform or foliaceous and peltate or unilaterally reduced (not known in Neotessmannia); flowers in supra-axillary positions, solitary or in few-flowered clusters, pedicellate, actinomorphic, relatively large, usually hermaphrodite; sepals (4)5(–7), in bud valvate with free tips, basally more or less fused, forming a saucer-to cup-like tube, caducous or persistent; petals (4)5(–7), crumpled in bud, imbricate, distinct, longer than the calyx, thin, the outer margin irregular, caducous; stamens numerous, filaments filiform, anthers dithecal, fixed at or near the base, sometimes versatile, dehiscent by longitudinal slits, sometimes only near the apex; ovary superior to inferior, syncarpous, 5- to multilocular, sometimes unilocular in the upper part, placentae (not known in Neotessmannia) lobed, pendulous, style thick, more or less short or almost lacking, stigma thick, lobed-sulcate to decurrent; ovules very numerous, anatropous; fruit indehiscent, baccate, sometimes juicy and sweet, containing numerous small seeds.

Keywords

General Reference Ellagic Acid Calcium Oxalate Wood Anatomy Arnold Arbor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Selected Bibliography

  1. Bawa, K.S. 1973: Chromosome numbers of tree species of a lowland tropical community. J. Arnold Arbor. 54: 422–434.Google Scholar
  2. Bawa, K.S., Webb, C.J. 1983. Floral variation and sexual differentiation in Muntingia calabura ( Elaeocarpaceae), a species with hermaphrodite flowers. Evolution 37: 1271–1282.Google Scholar
  3. Bayer, C. 1994. Zur Infloreszenzmorphologie der Malvales. Diss. Bot. 212: 1–280,2 pl.Google Scholar
  4. Bayer, C., Chase, M.W., Fay, M.F. 1998. Muntingiaceae, a new family of dicotyledons with malvalean affinities. Taxon 47: 37–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bayer et al. 1999. See general references.Google Scholar
  6. Benn, S.J., Lembke, D.E. 1991. Taxonomy of Neotessmannieae (Tiliaceae). Am. J. Bot. Suppl. 78: 166–167.Google Scholar
  7. Brizicky, G.K. 1965. The genera of Tiliaceae and Elaeocarpaceae in the southeastern United States. J. Arnold Arbor. 46: 286–307.Google Scholar
  8. Burret, M. 1924. Neotessmannia, eine neue Tiliaceen-Gattung. Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Mus. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 125–127.Google Scholar
  9. Burret, M. 1926. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Tiliaceen. Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Mus. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 592–880Google Scholar
  10. Corner, E.J.H. 1976. See general references.Google Scholar
  11. Cronquist,A. 1981. See general references.Google Scholar
  12. Erdtman, G. 1952. See general references.Google Scholar
  13. Fay, M.F. et al. 1998. See general references.Google Scholar
  14. Fleming, T.H., Heithaus, E.R. 1981. Frugivorous bats, seed shadows, and the structure of tropical forests. Biotropica Suppl. Reprod. Bot. 13: 45–53.Google Scholar
  15. Fleming, T.H., Williams, C.F., Bonaccorso, F.J., Herbst, L.H. 1985. Phenology, seed dispersal and colonization in Muntingia calabura, a neotropical pioneer tree. Am. J. Bot. 72: 383–391.Google Scholar
  16. Gaafar, K. 2001. The stipules of Dicraspidia donnell-smithii (Muntingiaceae): a surprise. Abstr. 15th Int. Symp. Biodiversität Evolutionsbiologie. Bochum.Google Scholar
  17. Gasson, P. 1996. Wood anatomy of the Elaeocarpaceae. In: Donaldson, L.A., Singh, A.P., Butterfield, B.G., Whitehouse, L.J. (eds.) Recent advances in wood anatomy. Rotorua: New Zealand Forest Research Institute.Google Scholar
  18. Hallé, F., Oldeman, R.A.A., Tomlinson, P.B. 1978. Tropical trees and forests: an architectural analysis. Berlin Heidelberg New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hegnauer, R. 1990. See general references.Google Scholar
  20. Huber, H. 1991. Angiospermen. Leitfaden durch die Ordnun-gen und Familien der Bedecktsamer. Stuttgart: Fischer.Google Scholar
  21. Hutchinson, J. 1967. The genera of flowering plants (Angio-spermae). Vol. 2. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  22. Jabeen, F., Prabhakar, M., Leelavathi, P. 1995. Crystalliferous cells in leaf epidermis of Malvales in relation to taxonomy. Geophytology 24: 213–217.Google Scholar
  23. Johri, B.M. et al. 1992. See general references.Google Scholar
  24. Metcalfe, C.R., Chalk, L. 1950. See general references.Google Scholar
  25. Robyns, A. 1964. Family 114. Tiliaceae. In: Woodson, R.E., Schery, R.W. (eds.) Flora of Panama VI. Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard. 51: 1–35.Google Scholar
  26. Saleh, N.A.M., El Sherbeiny, A.E.A., El Sissi, H.I. 1969. Local plants as potential sources of tannins in Egypt, part IV (Aceraceae to Flacourtiaceae). Qual. Plant. Mater. Veg. 17: 384–394.Google Scholar
  27. Sarkar, A.K., Datta, N., Chatterjee, U., Hazra, D. 1982. In: Löve, A. (ed.) IOPB chromonsome number reports LXXVI. Taxon 31: 576–579.Google Scholar
  28. Schulze-Motel, J. 1986. Rudolf Mansfeld–Verzeichnis landwirtschaftlicher und gärtnerischer Kulturpflanzen, 2nd edn. Vol. 2. Berlin Heidelberg New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  29. Sensarma, P. 1957. On the vascularization of the leaf and its associated structures in Muntingia calabura. Bot. Gaz. 119: 116–119.Google Scholar
  30. Shanmukha Rao, S.R. 1990. Trichome ontogenesis in some Tiliaceae. Beitr. Biol. Pflanz. 65: 363–375.Google Scholar
  31. Shanmukha Rao, S.R., Ramayya, N. 1987. Trichome types and their taxonomic importance in the Tiliaceae. Indian J. Bot. 10: 65–73.Google Scholar
  32. Singh, H.B., Dube, V.P. 1993. Taxonomic significance of foliar epidermal features of Muntingia Linn. (Tiliaceae). J. Plant Anat. Morphol. 6: 123–128.Google Scholar
  33. Smith, C.E. 1965. Family 113. Elaeocarpaceae. In: Woodson, R.E., Schery, R.W. (eds.) Flora of Panama VI. Ann. Mo. Bot. Gard. 52: 487–495.Google Scholar
  34. Solereder, H. 1899. Systematische Anatomie der Dicotylen. Stuttgart: Enke.Google Scholar
  35. Standley, P.C. 1929. Studies of American plants. I. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. 4: 197–299.Google Scholar
  36. Straka, H., Friedrich, B. (1983). Palynologia madagassica et mascarenica. Fam. 121–127. Pollen Spores 25: 49–73.Google Scholar
  37. Thorne, R.F. 1992. Classification and geography of the flower-ing plants. Bot. Rev. 58: 225–348.Google Scholar
  38. Venkata Rao, C. 1951. Life history of Muntiniga calabura L. Curr. Sci. 20: 47–48.Google Scholar
  39. Venkata Rao, C. 1952. The embryology of Muntingia calabura L. J. Indian Bot. Soc. 31: 87–101.Google Scholar
  40. Venkata Rao. C., Sambasiva Rao, K.V. 1952. A contribution to the embryology of Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq. and Cor-chorus acutangulus L. J. Indian Bot. Soc. 31: 56–68.Google Scholar
  41. Webb, C.J. 1984. Flower and fruit movements in Muntingia calabura: a possible mechanism for avoidance of pollinator-disperser interference. Biotropica 16: 37–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. West, W.C., Gunkel, J.E., Johnson, M.A. 1970. Morphology of the shoot apex in Elaeocarpaceae. Phytomorphology 20: 58–67.Google Scholar
  43. Zahur, M.S. 1959. Comparative study of secondary phloem of 423 species of woody dicotyledons belonging to 85 families. Cornell Univ. Agric. Exp. Stn. Mem. 358.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Bayer

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations