• K. Kubitzki
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 5)


Perennial or annual carnivorous herbs, sometimes (Aldrovanda) submerged aquatics. Primary root often suppressed; stembase with adventitious roots, sometimes with corms or root tubers. Leaves spiral or rarely whorled, simple, often rosulate, the blade infolded or adaxially circinate in bud, either equipped with irritable, mucilage-tipped tentacles that entrap and digest insects and other little animals (fly-paper trap, Drosera), or modified into fast-closing snap-traps with sensitive bristles (Dionaea, Aldrovanda); intrapetiolar stipules often present. Inflorescences thyrso-paniculate, cincinnate, or (Aldrovanda) flowers solitary. Flowers hermaphroditic, regular, hypogynous; sepals (4)5(–8), more or less connate at base, imbricate; petals as many as sepals, free, convolute; stamens (4)5(–20), distinct, or (Dionaea) basally connate; anthers extrorse, 2-locular, opening longitudinally; gynoecium of 3(5) carpels united to form a compound, unilocular ovary; stylodia distinct and often deeply bifid, or (Dionaea) united into a common style; stigmas terminal, dry; ovules (3–)numerous, anatropous, bitegmic, crassinucellate or tenuinucellate, with long funicles on parietal placentas or a basal placenta. Fruit a loculicidal capsule, rarely indehiscent. Seeds (3–)numerous, mostly scobiform; endosperm copious, rich in starch; embryo small. n = 5−24.


Adventitious Root Ellagic Acid Pollen Morphology Glandular Hair Carnivorous Plant 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Selected Bibliography

  1. Airy Shaw, H.K. 1951. On the Dioncophyllaceae; a remarkableGoogle Scholar
  2. new family of flowering plants: Kew Bull. 1951: 327–350.Google Scholar
  3. Albert, V.A., Williams, S.E., Chase, M.W. 1992. Carnivorous plants: phylogeny and structural evolution. Science 257: 1491–1495.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Boesewinkel, F.D. 1989. Ovule and seed development in Droseraceae. Acta Bot. Neerl. 38: 295–311.Google Scholar
  5. Chen, L., James, S.H., Stace, H.M. 1997. Self incompatibility, seed abortion and clonality in the breeding system of several western Australian Drosera species (Droseraceae). Aust. J. Bot. 45: 191–201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chrtek, J., Slavíková, Z. 1996. Comments on the families Drosophyllaceae and Droseraceae. Casopis Národního Rada Prirovedna 165: 139–141.Google Scholar
  7. Chrtek, J., Slavíková, Z. 1999. Genera and families of the Droserales order. Novit. Bot. Univ. Carol. Praha 13: 39–46.Google Scholar
  8. Conran, J.G., Jaudzems, V.G., Hallam, N.D. 1997. Droseraceae germination patterns and their taxonomic significance. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 123: 211–223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Davis, G.L. 1966. See general references.Google Scholar
  10. DeBuhr, L.E. 1977. Sectional reclassification of Drosera subgenus Ergaleium (Droseraceae). Aust. J. Bot. 25: 209–218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Diels, L. 1906. Droseraceae. In: Engler, A. (ed.) Das Pflanzenreich IV, 112 Leipzig: W. Engelmann.Google Scholar
  12. Diels, L. 1936. Droseraceae. In: Engler, A., Harms, H. (eds.) Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, 2nd edn., 17b. Leipzig: W. Engelmann, pp. 766–784.Google Scholar
  13. Dixon, K.W., Pate, S.J. 1978. Phenology, morphology and reproductive biology of the tuberous sundew, Drosera erythrorhiza Lindl. Aust. J. Bot. 26: 441–454.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Downie, S.R., Olmstead, R.G., Zurawski, G., Soltis, D.E., Soltis, P.S., Watson, J.C., Palmer, J.D. 1991. Six independent losses of the chloroplast DNA rpl2 intron in dicotyledons: molecular and phylogenetic implications. Evolution 45: 1245–1259.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Haccius, B., Troll, W. 1961. Über die sogenannten Wurzelhaare an den Keimpflanzen von Drosera-und Cuscuta-Arten. Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 26: 139–157.Google Scholar
  16. Hegnauer, R. 1966, 1989. See general references.Google Scholar
  17. Hoshi, Y., Kondo, K. 1998. A chromosome phylogeny of the Droseraceae by using CMA-DAPI fluorescent banding. Cytology 63: 329–339.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Juniper, B.E., Robins, R.J., Joel, D.M. 1989. The carnivorous plants. London: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  19. Kondo, K. 1976. A cytotaxonomic study in some species of Drosera. Rhodora 78: 532–541.Google Scholar
  20. Kondo, K., Lavarack, P.S. 1984. A cytotaxonomic study of some Australian species of Drosera. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 88: 317–333.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Korzshinsky, S. 1886. Über die Samen der Aldrovanda vesiculosa L. Bot. Centralbl. 27: 302–304, 334–335.Google Scholar
  22. Lledó, M.D., Crespo, M.B., Cameron, K.M., Fay, M.F., Chase, M.W. 1998. Systematics of Plumbaginaceae based upon cladistic analysis of rbcL sequence data. Syst. Bot. 23: 21–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Meimberg, H., Dittrich, P., Bringmann, G., Schlauer, J., Heubl, G. 2000. Molecular phylogeny of Caryophyllales s.l. based on matK sequences with special emphasis on carnivorous taxa. Plant Biol. 2: 218–228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Muller, J. 1981. See general references.Google Scholar
  25. Netolitzky, F. 1926. Anatomie der Angiospermen-Samen. Handbuch der Pflanzenanatomie II, 2, Band X. Berlin: Borntraeger.Google Scholar
  26. Ragetli, H.W.J., Weintraub, M., Lo, E. 1972. Characteristics of Drosera tentacles: I. Anatomical and cytological detail. Can. J. Bot. 50: 159–168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Seine, R., Barthlott, W. 1992. Ontogeny and morphological quality of the marginal bristles of Dionaea muscipula Ellis (Droseraceae). Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 67: 289–294.Google Scholar
  28. Seine, R., Barthlott, W. 1993. On the morphology of trichomes and tentacles of Droseraceae Salisb. Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 67: 345–366.Google Scholar
  29. Sheikh, S.A., Kondo, K. 1995. Differential staining with orcein, Giemsa, CMA, and DAPI for comparative chromosome study of 12 species of Australian Drosera. Am. J. Bot. 82: 1278–1286.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Takahashi, H., Sohma, K. 1982. Pollen morphology of the Droseraceae and its related taxa. Sci. Rep. Tohoku Univ. IV, Biol. 38: 81–156.Google Scholar
  31. Troll, W., Weberling, F. 1989. Infloreszenzuntersuchungen an monotelen Familien. Jena: G. Fischer.Google Scholar
  32. Williams, S.E. 1976. Comparative sensory physiology of the Droseraceae: the evolution of a plant sensory system. Proc. Am. Philos. Soc. 120: 187–204.Google Scholar
  33. Williams, S.E., Albert, V.A., Chase, M.W. 1994. Relationships of Droseraceae: a cladistic analysis of rbcL sequence and morphological data. Am. J. Bot. 81: 1027–1037.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Kubitzki

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations