Advertisement

Dioncophyllaceae

  • S. Porembski
  • W. Barthlott
Chapter
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 5)

Abstract

Scandent shrubs to large woody lianas with anomalous secondary growth. Leaves alternate, with numerous close parallel nerves, either with simple blade or midrib prolongated into a pair of recurved hooks, Triphyophyllum seasonally with additional filiform glandular leaves; stipules absent. Inflorescences cymose, more or less supraaxillary. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic; sepals 5, free or basally connate into a short tube, valvate; petals 5, free, contorted, caducous; stamens 10 or 25–30, free or slightly connate; anthers basi-fixed, tetrasporangiate, introrse, opening with longitudinal slits; carpels 2 or 5, fused to form a superior ovary; style very short (Triphyophyllum) or lacking, stylodia 2 or 5, simple and filiform or apically plumose-laciniate; ovules numerous, anatropous. Fruit in immature state loculicidally dehiscent with 2 or 5 valves; seeds few, disciform, broadly winged, 5–12 cm in diameter, with a stout, peltately attached funicle articulated at apex hanging from the open valves of the fruit; embryo large, discoid obconical, axile; radicle very short, opposite the hilum; endosperm copious, capshaped, surrounding most of the embryo.

Keywords

Carnivorous Plant Short Shoot Quinoline Alkaloid Superior Ovary Interfascicular Cambium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Selected Bibliography

  1. Airy Shaw, H.K. 1952. On the Dioncophyllaceae, a remarkable new family of flowering plants. Kew Bull. 1951: 327–347.Google Scholar
  2. Albert, V.A., Williams, S.E., Chase, M.W. 1992. Carnivorous plants: phylogeny and structural evolution. Scienc 257: 1491–1495.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Baillon, H. 1890. Observations sur quelques nouveaux types du Congo. Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 109: 870.Google Scholar
  4. Behnke, H.-D. 1991. Distribution and evolution of forms and types of sieve-element plastids in the dicotyledons. Aliso 13: 167–182.Google Scholar
  5. Bringmann, G., Pokorny, F. 1995. The naphtylisoquinoline alkaloids. Alkaloids 46: 127–271.Google Scholar
  6. Bringmann, G., Pokorny, F., Reuscher, H., Lisch, D., Aké Assi, L. 1990. Novel Ancistrocladaceae and Dioncophyllaceae type naphtylisoquinoline alkaloids from Ancistrocladus abbreviatus: A phylogenetic link between the two families? Planta Med. 56: 496–497.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bringmann, G., Gramatzki, S., Grimm, C., Proksch, P. 1992. Feeding deterrency and growth retarding activity of the naphtylisoquinoline alkaloid Dioncophylline A against Spodoptera littoralis. Phytochemistry 31: 3821–3825.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Cameron, K.M., Chase, M.W., Swensen, S.M. 1995. Molecular evidence for the relationships of Triphyophyllum (Dioncophyllaceae) and Ancistrocladus (Ancistrocladaceae). Am. J. Bot. 82(6): 117 (Abstr).Google Scholar
  9. Cronquist, A. 1988. See general references.Google Scholar
  10. Ditsch, F., Barthlott, W. 1994. Mikromorphologie der Epicuticularwachse und die Systematik der Dilleniales, Lecythidales, Malvales und Theales. Trop. Subtrop. Pflanzenwelt 88: 1–74.Google Scholar
  11. Erdtman, G. 1958. A note on the pollen morphology in the Ancistrocladaceae and Dioncophyllaceae. Veröff. Geobot. Inst. Rübel Zürich 33: 47–49.Google Scholar
  12. François, G., Bringmann, G., Phillipson, J.D., Aké Assi, L., Dochez, C., Rübenacker, M., Schneider, C., Warhurst, D.C., Kirby, G.C. 1994. Activity of extracts and naphthylisoquinoline alkaloids from Triphyophyllum peltatum, Ancistrocladus abbreviatus and A. barteri against Plasmodium falciparum in vitro. Phytochemistry 35: 1461–1464.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gilg, E. 1925. Flacourtiaceae. In: Engler, A., Prantl, K. (eds.) Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, 2nd edn., 21. Leipzig: W. Engelmann, pp. 420–421.Google Scholar
  14. Gottwald, H., Parameswaran, N. 1968. Das sekundäre Xylem und die systematische Stellung der Ancistrocladaceae und Dioncophyllaceae. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 88: 49–69.Google Scholar
  15. Green, S., Green, T.L., Heslop-Harrison, Y. 1979. Seasonal heterophylly and leaf gland features in Triphyophyllum (Dioncophyllaceae), a new carnivorous plant genus. J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 78: 99–116.Google Scholar
  16. Hallier, H. 1923. Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Linaceae (DC. 1819) Dumort. Beih. Bot. Centralbl. 39: 1–178.Google Scholar
  17. Kondo, K. 1973. The chromosome numbers of Striga asiatica and Triphyophyllum peltatum. Fyton 31: 1–2.Google Scholar
  18. Marburger, J.E. 1979. Glandular leaf structure of Triphyophyllum peltatum (Dioncophyllaceae): a fly-paper insect trapper. Am. J. Bot. 66: 404–411.Google Scholar
  19. Meimberg, H., Dittrich, P., Bringmann, G., Schlauer, J., Heubl, G. 2000. Molecular phylogeny of Caryophyllales s.l. based on matK sequences with special emphasis on carnivorous taxa. Plant Biol. 2: 218–228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Metcalfe, C.R. 1952. The anatomical structure of the Dioncophyllaceae in relation to the taxonomic affinities of the family. Kew Bull. 1951: 351–368.Google Scholar
  21. Schmid, R. 1964. Die systematische Stellung der Dioncophyllaceen. Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 83: 1–56.Google Scholar
  22. Warburg, O. 1893. Flacourtiaceae. In: Engler, A., Prantl, K. (eds.) Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, III, 6a. Leipzig: W. Engelmann, pp. 29–30.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Porembski
  • W. Barthlott

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations