• S. Porembski
  • W. Barthlott
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 5)


Scandent shrubs to large woody lianas with anomalous secondary growth. Leaves alternate, with numerous close parallel nerves, either with simple blade or midrib prolongated into a pair of recurved hooks, Triphyophyllum seasonally with additional filiform glandular leaves; stipules absent. Inflorescences cymose, more or less supraaxillary. Flowers bisexual, actinomorphic; sepals 5, free or basally connate into a short tube, valvate; petals 5, free, contorted, caducous; stamens 10 or 25–30, free or slightly connate; anthers basi-fixed, tetrasporangiate, introrse, opening with longitudinal slits; carpels 2 or 5, fused to form a superior ovary; style very short (Triphyophyllum) or lacking, stylodia 2 or 5, simple and filiform or apically plumose-laciniate; ovules numerous, anatropous. Fruit in immature state loculicidally dehiscent with 2 or 5 valves; seeds few, disciform, broadly winged, 5–12 cm in diameter, with a stout, peltately attached funicle articulated at apex hanging from the open valves of the fruit; embryo large, discoid obconical, axile; radicle very short, opposite the hilum; endosperm copious, capshaped, surrounding most of the embryo.


Carnivorous Plant Short Shoot Quinoline Alkaloid Superior Ovary Interfascicular Cambium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Porembski
  • W. Barthlott

There are no affiliations available

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