Bixaceae

  • H.-H. Poppendieck
Chapter
Part of the The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants book series (FAMILIES GENERA, volume 5)

Abstract

Evergreen trees or shrubs with yellow or reddish sap. Leaves, fruits and young parts of stems with brown peltate hairs. Leaves alternate, simple and entire, palmatinerved, long-petiolate, stipulate. Flowers in terminal thyrsoids, large and showy, bisexual, hypogynous, actinomorphic. Pedicels with 5 conspicuous glands below the calyx. Sepals 5, free, imbricate, caducous. Petals 5, free, imbricate, alternating with sepals, white or pink. Stamens numerous, free, anthers dithecal, horseshoe-shaped, opening with short apical slits. Ovary superior, syncarpous, 2-carpellate,1-celled; placentas parietal with numerous anatropous ovules. Capsule short stipitate, loculicidally 2-valvate, unarmed or with long, soft spines. Seeds numerous, obovoid, sarcotesta turning into a fleshy pulp when moistened.

Keywords

Flavonoid Oxalate Carotenoid Perforation Quercetin 

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

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  • H.-H. Poppendieck

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