Advertisement

Introduction

  • Vitaly A. Shchukin
  • Nikolai N. Ledentsov
  • Dieter Bimberg
Part of the NanoScience and Technology book series (NANO)

Abstract

The quest for information has marked the entire history of mankind. Free access to information is a prerequisite for freedom in the widest sense: personal freedom, freedom of choice, freedom of communication, and indeed everything that is understood under the notion of democracy. Modern information and communication technology has dramatically changed the world, significantly affecting all areas of human existence. This global technology is the driving force changing the industrial society into an information and knowledge-based society.

Keywords

High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy Single Atom Quantum Wire Allowed State 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
  2. 1.2
    S. Luryi, J. Xu, A. Zaslaysky (Eds.): Future Trends in Microelectronics. The Road Ahead ( Wiley, New York 1999 )Google Scholar
  3. 1.
    The data has been collected and synthesized from numerous on-line sources, i.e., http://www.siliconstrategies.com, http://www.news.com, http://www.imia.com
  4. 1.4
    N.N. Ledentsov: In Proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Physics of Semiconductors, Berlin, Germany, July 22–27, 1996, eds. M. Scheffler and R. Zimmermann ( World Scientific, Singapore 1996 ) Vol. 1, p. 21Google Scholar
  5. 1.5
    D. Bimberg, M. Grundmann, N.N. Ledentsov: Quantum Dot Heterostructures ( Wiley, Chichester 1998 )Google Scholar
  6. 1.6
    S.Y. Chou, P.R. Krauss, L. Long: J. Appl. Phys. 79, 6101 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 1.
    IBM J. Res. Develop. 37, 288 (1993). Special issue on X-ray lithographyGoogle Scholar
  8. 1.8
    R.L. Kubena, F.P. Stratton, J.W. Ward, G.M. Atkinson, R.J. Joyce: J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 7, 1798 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 1.9
    U. Drodofsky, J. Stuhler, T. Schulze, M. Drewsen, B. Brezger, T. Pfau, J. Mlynek: Appl. Phys. B 65, 755 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 1.10
    D.M. Eigler, E.K. Schweizer: Nature 344, 524 (1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 1.11
    A.D. Kent, D.M. Shaw, S.V. Molnar, D.D. Awschalom: Science 262, 1249 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 1.12
    S.C. Minne, Ph. Flueckiger, H.T. Soh, C.F. Quate: J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 13, 1380 (1995)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 1.13
    S.C. Minne, J.D. Adams, G. Yaralioglu, S.R. Manalis, A. Atalar, C.F. Quate: Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1742 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 1.14
    M. Despont, J. Brugger, U. Drechsler, U. Dürig, W. Häberle, M. Lutwyche, H. Rothuizen, R. Stutz, R. Widmer, H. Rohrer, G. Binnig, P. Vettiger: in Technical Digest of Twelfth IEEE International Micro Electro Mechanical Systems Conference EMS 99 ( IEEE, Piscataway 1999 ) p. 564Google Scholar
  15. 1.15
    H. Haken: Synergetics, an Introduction: Nonequilibrium Phase Transitions and Self-Organization in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology, 3rd edn. ( Springer, Berlin 1983 )Google Scholar
  16. 1.16
    C. Teichert: Phys. Rep. 365, 335 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 1.17
    S.K. Scott: Oscillations, Waves, Chaos in Chemical Kinetics (Oxford University Press, Oxford 1994 )Google Scholar
  18. 1.18
    H. Nishimori, N. Ouchi: Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 197 (1993)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 1.19
    H. Haken, J. Portugali: Environ. Plann. B Plann. Des. 22, 35 (1993)Google Scholar
  20. 1.20
    D. Helbing, P. Molnar: in Self-Organization of Complex Structures. From Individual to Collective Dynamics ( Gordon and Breach, London 1997 ), p. 569Google Scholar
  21. 1.21
    B.S. Kerner: Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 3797 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 1.22
    N.N. Ledentsov, M. Grundmann, N. Kirstaedter, O. Schmidt, R. Heitz, J. Böhrer, D. Bimberg, V.M. Ustinov, V.A. Shchukin, P.S. Kop’ev, Zh.I. Alferov, S.S. Ruvimov, A.O. Kosogov, P. Werner, U. Richter, U. Gösele, J. Heydenreich: In Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Modulated Semiconductor Structures, Madrid, Spain, July 1995, Solid State Electron. 40, 785 (1996)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 1.23
    F. Hatami, N.N. Ledentsov, M. Grundmann, J. Böhrer, F. Heinrichsdorff, M. Beer, D. Bimberg, S.S. Ruvimov, P. Werner, U. Gösele, J. Heydenreich, S.V. Ivanov, B.Ya. Meltser, P.S. Kop’ev, Zh.I. Alferov: Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 656 (1995)Google Scholar
  24. 1.24
    Yu.G. Musikhin, D. Gethsen, D.A. Bedarev, N.A. Bert, W.V. Lundin, A.F. Tsatsul’nikov, A.V. Sakharov, A.S. Usikov, Zh.I. Alferov, I.L. Krestnikov, N.N. Ledentsov, A. Hoffmann, D. Bimberg: Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 2099 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 1.25
    M. Strassburg, V. Kutzer, U.W. Pohl, A. Hoffmann, I. Broser, N.N. Ledentsov, D. Bimberg, A. Rosenauer, U. Fischer, D. Gerthsen, I.L. Krestnikov, M.V. Maximov, P.S. Kop’ev, Zh.I. Alferov: Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 942 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 1.26
    A.G. Khachaturyan: Theory of Phase Transformations and the Structure of Solid Solutions ( Nauka, Moscow 1974 ), in RussianGoogle Scholar
  27. 1.27
    A.G. Khachaturyan: Theory of Structural Transformations in Solids ( Wiley, New York 1983 )Google Scholar
  28. 1.28
    A. Pimpinelli, J. Villain: Physics of Crystal Growth ( Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1998 )CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 1.29
    N.N. Ledenstov: Growth Processes and Surface Phase Equilibria in Molecular Beam Epitaxy, Springer Tracts in Modern Physics 156 (Springer, Berlin 1999) 1.30 M. Zinke-Allmang: Thin Solid Films 346, 1 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 1.31
    J.L. Merz, A.-L. Barabâsi, J.K. Furdyna, R.S. Williams: in Future Trends in Microelectronics. The Road Ahead, ed. by S. Luryi, J. Xu, and A. Zaslaysky ( Wiley, New York 1999 ) p. 237Google Scholar
  31. 1.32
    V.A. Shchukin, D Bimberg: Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 1125 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 1.33
    P. Politi, G. Grenet, A. Marty, A. Ponchet, J. Villain: Phys. Rep. 324, 271 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 1.34
    I.L. Krestnikov, N.N. Ledentsov, A. Hoffmann, D. Bimberg: phys. stat. sol. (a) 183, 207 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Vitaly A. Shchukin
    • 1
    • 2
  • Nikolai N. Ledentsov
    • 1
    • 2
  • Dieter Bimberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Technische Universtität BerlinBerlinGermany
  2. 2.A.F. Ioffe Physical Technical InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia

Personalised recommendations