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History of Optics

  • Keigo Iizuka

Abstract

It was as early as 4,000 B.C. that the Sumerians cultivated a high level civilization in a region of Mesopotamia which at present belongs to Iraq. The name Mesopotamia, meaning “between the rivers”, [1.1] indicates that this area was of great fertility enjoying natural advantages from the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. They invented and developed the cuneiform script which is today considered to have been man’s first usable writing.

Keywords

Wave Front Dense Medium Fringe Pattern Greek Philosopher Double Refraction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Reference

  1. 1.1
    R. J. Unstead: Egypt and Mesopotamia ( Adam and Charles Black, London 1977 )Google Scholar
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    S. N. Kramer: From the Tablets of Sumer ( The Falcon’s Wing Press, Indian Hills, CO 1956 )Google Scholar
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    S. N. Kramer: History Begins at Sumer ( The University of Pennsylvania Press, Philadelphia 1981 )Google Scholar
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    News column, Nobel Physics Prize to Bloembergen, Schawlow and Siegbahn, Physics Today, pp. 17–20 (Dec. 1981)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Keigo Iizuka
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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