Introduction and Summary

  • R. Friedrich
Chapter

Abstract

Understanding and quantifying the emissions of air pollutants from human activities and from natural sources is the first, essential step in understanding, controlling and mitigating air pollution. For this, it is necessary to describe the sources of emissions and their geographical distribution, describe the strength of the emissions from a particular source under particular conditions (commonly called emission factors), collect or calculate the volume of activity, that leads to emissions, calculate emission rates by connecting activities with emission factors, quantify the uncertainties of emission rates and identify emission reduction measures and their potential and costs. In this book, advances in all the above mentioned areas are described. These advances have been achieved with research carried out in the frame of the EUROTRAC-21 subproject on the Generation and Evaluation of Emission Data (GENEMIS). The pollutants covered include anthropogenic and biogenic precursors of ozone, aerosols and acidifying substances. As methods for developing emission inventories for CO, SO2 and NOx are more advanced and the resultant uncertainties in their emission estimates are lower than those for VOC, PM and NH3, the focus lies on the latter pollutants.

Keywords

Biomass Combustion Dust Europe Ozone 

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References

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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

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  • R. Friedrich

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