The IFIGS-and-Electronegativity Theory

  • Winfried Mönch
Part of the Springer Series in Surface Sciences book series (SSSUR, volume 43)


Studies of core-level photoemission revealed the partial ionic character of the covalent bonds between metal and substrate atoms on semiconductor surfaces covered with metal adatoms.


GaAs Peri Cesium Germanium ZnSe 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Winfried Mönch
    • 1
  1. 1.Fakultät für Naturwissenschaften Laboratorium für FestkörperphysikUniversität Duisburg-EssenDuisburgGermany

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