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Measles Virus and Dendritic Cell Functions: How Specific Response Cohabits with Immunosuppression

  • C. Servet-Delprat
  • P.-O. Vidalain
  • H. Valentin
  • C. Rabourdin-Combe
Part of the Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology book series (CT MICROBIOLOGY, volume 276)

Abstract

Measles virus (MV) infection induces both an efficient MV-specific immune response and a transient but profound immunosuppression characterised by a panlymphopenia that occasionally results in opportunistic infections responsible for a high rate of mortality in children. On the basis of in vitro studies, the putative roles of dendritic cells (DCs) in MV infection are discussed. (1) DCs could participate in anti-MV innate immunity because MV turns on TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)-mediated DC cytotoxicity. (2) Cross-priming by non-infected DCs might be the route of MV adaptive immune response. (3) After CD40-ligand activation in secondary lymphoid organs, MV-infected DCs could initiate the formation of Warthin-Finkeldey multinucleated giant cells, replicating MV and responsible for in vivo spreading of MV. (4) We review how integrated viral attack of the host immune system also targets DCs: Progress in understanding the immunobiology of MV-infected DCs that could account for MV-induced immunosuppression observed in vivo is presented and their potential role in lymphopenia is underlined. In conclusion, future research directions are proposed.

Keywords

Dendritic Cell Measle Virus Secondary Lymphoid Organ Human Dendritic Cell Dendritic Cell Function 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Abbreviations

AIDS

acquired immunodeficiency syndrom

APC

antigen presenting cells

CD40L

CD40 ligand

DC(s)

dendritic cell(s)

dsRNA

double strand RNA

H

haemaglutinin

HIV

human immunodeficiency virus

IFN

interferon

IL

interleukin

LPS

lipopolysaccharide

MHC-I/MHC-II

major histocompatibility complex class I/II

MV

measles virus

NP

nucleoprotein

TLR

toll receptor

TRAIL

TNF-related apoptosis-inducing ligand

WFC

Warthin-Finkeldey cells

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Servet-Delprat
    • 1
  • P.-O. Vidalain
    • 1
  • H. Valentin
    • 1
  • C. Rabourdin-Combe
    • 1
  1. 1.Immunobiologie Fondamentale et CliniqueCERVI-INSERM U503LyonFrance

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