Cryosols pp 139-160 | Cite as

Cryosols in the Russian Arctic Archipelagos

  • S. V. Goryachkin
  • N. A. Karavaeva


The Russian Arctic archipelagos, nearby isolated islands, and Spitsbergen are the main areas of High Arctic landscapes in the Eastern hemisphere. They include the large archipelagos of Novaya Zemlya, Severnaya Zemlya, and the New Siberian Islands, the northernmost but smaller Franz Josef Land archipelago, and several singular islands, including Wrangel, Vaigach, Belyi, Ayon, Kolguev Islands, and many smaller ones (Figure 2.5.1). Pedologists initiated their studies in the 1920s and visited almost all the archipelagos and large islands. These Russian northern islands later were mapped as part of a number of different small-scale soil mapping projects, compiled by extrapolating scarce field data, using remotely sensed images.


Arctic Tundra Permafrost Table Polar Desert Arctic Soil World Reference Base 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. V. Goryachkin
    • 1
  • N. A. Karavaeva
    • 2
  1. 1.Laboratory of Soil Geography and Evolution, Institute of GeographyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Institute of GeographyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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