Cryosols pp 713-726 | Cite as

Soil Properties and Relationships in Cryosols of the Region of the Transantarctic Mountains in Antarctica

  • I. B. Campbell
  • G. G. C. Claridge


The study of Antarctic soils is comparatively new, spurred in the late 1950s by the growing interest in earth and other sciences in Antarctica. Curiosity drove initial investigations, and the questions were whether soils actually existed there and, if so, what their properties were and what processes operated (McCraw, 1960; Ugolini, 1963; Claridge, 1965; Campbell and Claridge, 1966; Claridge and Campbell, 1968; Tedrow and Ugolini, 1966). As glaciological investigations intensified, weathering relationships became valuable for establishing glacial chronologies (Calkin, 1964; Ugolini and Bull, 1965; Everett, 1971; Campbell and Claridge, 1975; Bockheim, 1978, 1982) and attention focused on the spatial and temporal differences in and the broader significance of soil properties (Campbell and Claridge, 1987).


Soil Color Antarctic Soil Organic Accumulation Transantarctic Mountain Desert Pavement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Balks, M.R., D.I. Campbell, I.B. Campbell, and G.G.C. Claridge. 1995. Interim results of, 1993/94 soil climate, active layer and permafrost investigations at Scott Base, Vanda and Beacon Heights, Antarctica. Univ. of Waikato, Depart. of Earth Sciences Special report. 64 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Bockheim, J.G. 1977. Soil development in the Taylor Valley and McMurdo Sound area, Antarctica. Antarc. J.U.S. 12: 105–108.Google Scholar
  3. Bockheim, J.G. 1978. Soil weathering sequences in Wright Valley. Antarc. J. US. 13: 36–39.Google Scholar
  4. Bockheim, J.G. 1979. Relative age and origin of soils in eastern Wright Valley, Antarctica. Soil Sci. 128: 142–152.Google Scholar
  5. Bockheim, J.G. 1982. Properties of a chronosequence of ultraxerous soils in the Transantarctic Mountains. Geoderma. 28: 239–255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bockheim, J.G. 1997. Properties and classification of cold desert soils from Antarctica. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. J. 61: 224–231.Google Scholar
  7. Calkin, P.E. 1964. Geomorphology and glacial geology of the Victoria Valley system, southern Victoria Land, Antarctica. Ohio State Univ. Inst. Polar Studies. Rept. 10. 66 pp.Google Scholar
  8. Campbell, D.I., R.J.L. MacCulloch, and I.B. Campbell. 1997a. Thermal regimes of some soils in the McMurdo Sound region, Antarctica. In: W.B. Lyons, C. Howard-Williams, and I. Hawes, eds. Ecosystem Processes in Antarctic ice-free Landscapes. Proceedings of an International workshop on Polar Desert Ecosystems, Christchurch New Zealand, 1–4 July, 1996. Balkema. pp. 45–56Google Scholar
  9. Campbell, I.B., and G.G.C. Claridge. 1966. A sequence of soils from a penguin rookery, Inexpressible Island, Antarctica. N.Z. J. Sci. 9: 361–72.Google Scholar
  10. Campbell, I.B., and G.G.C. Claridge. 1966. Site and soil differences in the Brown Hills region of the Darwin Glacier, Antarctica. N.Z. J. Sci. 10: 563–577.Google Scholar
  11. Campbell, I.B., and G.G.C. Claridge. 1975. Morphology and age relationships of Antarctic soils. In: R.P. Suggate and M.M. Cresswell, eds. Quaternary Studies. Royal Society of N.Z. Bull. 13: 83–88.Google Scholar
  12. Campbell, LB., and G.G.C. Claridge. 1978. Soils and Late Cenozoic history of the upper Wright Valley, Antarctica. N.Z. J. Geol. Geophys. 21: 635–43.Google Scholar
  13. Campbell, I.B., and G.G.C. Claridge. 1987. Antarctica: soils, weathering processes and environment. Elesvier Science Publishers. Amsterdam. 368 pp.Google Scholar
  14. Campbell, LB., and G.G.C. Claridge. 2000. Temperature, moisture and salinity patterns in Transantarctic Mountain cold desert ecosystems. In: W. Davidson, C. Howard-Williams, and P. Broady, eds. Antarctic Ecosystems: Models for wider ecological understanding. Caxton Press. Christchurch. pp. 233–240.Google Scholar
  15. Campbell, I.B., G.G.C. Claridge, M.R. Balks, and D.I. Campbell. 1997. Moisture content in soils of the McMurdo Sound Dry Valley region of Antarctica. In: W.B. Lyons, C. Howard-Williams, and 1. Hawes, eds. Ecosystem Processes in Antarctic ice-free Landscapes. Proceedings of an International workshop on Polar Desert Ecosystems, Christchurch New Zealand, 1–4 July, 1996. Balkema. pp. 61–76.Google Scholar
  16. Campbell, I.B., G.G.C. Claridge, D.I. Campbell, and M.R. Balks. 1998. The Soil Environment. In: J.C. Priscu, ed., Ecosystem Dynamics in a Polar Desert: the McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Antarctic Research Series 72. American Geophysical Union. 297–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Campbell, I.B., G.G.C. Claridge, M.R. Balks, and D.I. Campbell. 1998a. Permafrost properties in the McMurdo Sound-Dry Valley region of Antarctica. In A Lewkowicz (ed), Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Permafrost, Yellowknife, Canada, 1998. pp. 121–126.Google Scholar
  18. Claridge, G.G.C. 1965. The clay mineralogy and chemistry of some soils from the Ross Dependency, Antarctica. N.Z. J. Geol. Geophy. 8: 186–220.Google Scholar
  19. Claridge, G.G.C., and I.B. Campbell. 1968. Origin of Nitrate deposits. Nature. 217: 428430.Google Scholar
  20. Claridge, G.G.C., and I.B. Campbell. 1968a. Soils of the Shackleton Glacier region, Queen Maude Range, Antarctica. N.Z. J. Sci. 11: 171–218.Google Scholar
  21. Claridge, G.G.C., and I.B. Campbell. 1977. The salts in Antarctic soils, their distribution and relationship to soil processes. Soil Sci. 123: 377–384.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Claridge, G.G.C., I.B. Campbell., and D.S. Sheppard. 2000. Carbon Pools in Antarctica and their significance for global climate change. In: R Lal, J.M. Kimble and B.A Stewart, eds. Glogal Climate Change and Cold Regions Ecosystems. Lewis Publishers. Boca Raton, Fla. Pp. 59–78.Google Scholar
  23. Denton, G.H., D.E Sugden, D.R. Marchant, B.L. Hall, and T.I. Wilch. 1993. East Antarctic Ice Sheet sensitivity to Pliocene climatic change from a Dry Valleys perspective. Geografiska Annaler. 75A: 155–204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Everett, K.R. 1971. Soils of the Meserve Glacier area, Wright Valley, Southern Victoria Land, Antarctica. Soil Sci. 112: 425–438.Google Scholar
  25. Hollin, J.T. 1962. On the Glacial history of Antarctica. J. Glaciology. 4: 173–195.Google Scholar
  26. Linkletter, G., J.G. Bockheim, and F.C. Ugolini. 1973. Soils and glacial deposits in the Beacon Valley, southern Victoria Land, Antarctica. N.Z. J. Geol. Geophys. 16: 90–108.Google Scholar
  27. MacCulloch, R.J.I. 1996. The microclimatology of Antarctic soils. Unpublished M.Sc. Thesis. Univer. of Waikato. Hamilton, New Zealand.Google Scholar
  28. McCraw, J.D. 1960. Soils of the Ross Dependency, Antarctica. A preliminary note. N.Z. Soc. Soil Sci. Proc. 4: 30–35.Google Scholar
  29. Marchant, D.R., G.H. Denton, D.E.Sugden, and C.C. Swisher. 1993. Miocene glacial stratigraphy and landscape evolution of the western Asgard Range, Antarctica. Geografiska Annaler. 75A: 303–330.Google Scholar
  30. Pastor, J., and J.G. Bockheim. 1980. Soil development on Moraines of Taylor Glacier, Lower Taylor Valley, Antarctica. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J. 44: 341–348.Google Scholar
  31. Sheppard, D.S., I.B. Campbell, G.G.C. Claridge, and J.M. Deely. 1994. Contamination of soils about Vanda Station, Antarctica. Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences Report 94/20. Lower Hutt, New Zealand.Google Scholar
  32. Tedrow, J.C.F., and F.C. Ugolini. 1966. Antarctic soils. In J.C.F. Tedrow (ed), Antarctic soils and soil forming processes. Antarc. Res. Ser. 8. American Geophysical Union. 161–171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Tedrow, J.C.F. 1977. Soils of the Polar Landscapes. Rutgers Univ. Press. New Brunswick. 638 pp.Google Scholar
  34. Ugolini, F.C. 1963. Soil investigations in the lower Wright Valley. Proceedings of the International Permafrost Conference. Nat. Acad. Sci. Nat. Res. Council Pub. 1287: 5561.Google Scholar
  35. Ugolini, F.C., and C. Bull. 1965. Soil development and glacial events in Antarctica. Quaternaria. 7: 251–269.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. B. Campbell
    • 1
  • G. G. C. Claridge
    • 2
  1. 1.Land and Soil Consultancy ServicesNelsonNew Zealand
  2. 2.Days Bay, EastbourneNew Zealand

Personalised recommendations