Advertisement

Cryosols pp 661-676 | Cite as

Agricultural Use of Tundra Soils in the Vorkuta Area, Northeast European Russia

  • I. Archegova
  • N. Kotelina
  • G. Mazhitova
Chapter

Abstract

There are two centers of forage production in European Russian tundra, one near Murmansk on the Kola Peninsula and the other around Vorkuta, in the northeast of European Russia. Tundra on the Kola peninsula has no permafrost but around Vorkuta has massive-island permafrost. Vorkuta is a center of a large coal basin where coal has been developed since the 1930s. During the Soviet era, agricultural development of tundra lands was considered expedient around large towns (Vorkuta had pop. 101,000 in 1981; Murmansk, 394,000 in 1982) to supply them with food. Agriculture there included dairy husbandry, forage production, and greenhouse vegetable production.

Keywords

Kola Peninsula Humus Content Landscape Type Bare Area Meadow Soil 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Archegova, I.B. 1972. Nature of humus-enriched horizon in loamy tundra soils in the northeast of European tundra ( Harakter gumusirovannogo gorizonta v suglinistyh tundrovyh pochvah na severo-vostoke evropeiskoi tundry ). Ecologiya,. 5: 64–67.Google Scholar
  2. Archegova, LB., and N.S. Kotelina. 1983. System of agriculture in the Komi Autonomy (Sistema vedeniya selskogo hoziaistva Komi ASSR). In: G.I. Gagiev, ed. Archegova, LB., and N.S. Kotelina. pp. 107–112. ( In Russian. )Google Scholar
  3. Archegova, LB., N.A. Antonov, and A.F. Sharkov. 1988. Conditions and effectiveness of forage production in tundra (Usloviya i effectivnost kormoproizvodstva v tundre). Publ. of Komi Sci. Center. Syktyvkar. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  4. Archegova, LB., and N.S. Kotelina, eds. 1979. Biogeocenological studies (Biogeotsenologicheskiye issledovaniya na seyanyh lugah v vostochnoevropeiskoi tundre). Nauka Publ. Leningrad. ( In Russian. )Google Scholar
  5. Ershov, E.D., ed. 1988. Geocryology of the USSR. European territory of the USSR (Geokriologiya SSSR. Evropeiskaya territoriya SSSR). Nedra Publ. Moscow. (In Russian.) FAO. 1998. World Reference Base for Soil Resources. World Soil Resources Report 84. FAO. Rome.Google Scholar
  6. Frolov, I.T., ed. 1975. Agrochemical research methods (Agrochimicheskiye metody issledovaniya). Nauka Publ. Moscow. ( In Russian. )Google Scholar
  7. Khantimer, I.S. 1974. Agricultural development of tundra (Selskohozyaistvennoie osvoenie tundry). Nauka Publ. Leningrad. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  8. Kononenko, A.B. 1986. Hydrothermal regime of taiga and tundra soils of the European northeast (Gidrotermicheskii rezhim taezhnyh i tundrivyh pochv evropeiskogo severovostoka). Nauka Publ. Leningrad. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  9. Kotelina, N.S. I.B. Archegova, G.G. Romanov, and L.P. Turubanova. 1998. Peculiarities of nature use and nature protection prospects in the Russian Far North (Osobennosti prirodopolzovaniya i perspectivy pripodovosstanovleniya na Krainem Severe Rossii). Publ. of Ural Division, Russ. Acad. Sci. Ekaterinburg. [In Russian]Google Scholar
  10. Oberman, N.G. 1998. Permafrost and Cryogenic Processes in the Eats-European Surarctic. Eurasian Soil Sci. 5: 540–550.Google Scholar
  11. Shamanova, I.I. 1970. Effect of snow, vegetation and tillage on the ground temperatures in Vorkuta area (Vliyaniye snega, rastitelnogo pokrova i raspashki na teplovoie sostoianiye gruntov v raione Vorkuty). In: B.A. Tihomirov, ed. Biologicheskiye osnovy ispolzovaniya prirody Severa. Komi Publ. Syktyvkar. pp. 186–195.Google Scholar
  12. Shishov, L.L., and G.V. Dobrovolsky, eds. 1997. Russian soil classification (Klassifikatsiya pochv Rossii). Publ. of Dokuchaev Soil Sci. Inst. Moscow. ( In Russian. )Google Scholar
  13. Soil Survey Staff. Soil Taxonomy, 2 ed. 1999. USDA, NRSC. Lincoln, NE. Ag. Hndbk # 436.Google Scholar
  14. Räisänen, M.L., K. Löyttyjärvi, R. Pohjola, G. Broil, and G. Müller. 1999. Frost-affected soils in Finnish Lapland. Guide brochure, International excursion, August 24–31, 1999. Geological Survey of Finland, Munster University, Landscape Ecology.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. Archegova
    • 1
  • N. Kotelina
    • 1
  • G. Mazhitova
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Biology, Komi Science CenterRussian Academy of SciencesSyktyvkarRussia
  2. 2.Institute of Biology, Komi Science Center, Ural DivisionRussian Academy of SciencesSyktyvkarRussia

Personalised recommendations