Cryosols pp 209-229 | Cite as

Cryosols of Western Siberia

  • N. A. Karavaeva


Cryosols are widespread in the northern and central regions of western Siberia, from 73°30′ to 62° N latitude, where they formed under a vast spectrum of conditions, from tundra to taiga, including swampy areas (Figure 2.8.1). Between 62° and 60° N latitude, these soils occur only within the coldest ecotopes of forest areas. The features, diversity, and geography of Cryosols depend on both recent and paleoclimatic factors that control the presence and properties of permafrost (temperature, content of ice, depth, and water and heat regimes of the active layer).


Arctic Tundra Permafrost Zone Tundra Zone Forest Tundra Soil Cover Pattern 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Katz, N.Ya. 1971. Swamps of the Earth (Bolota zemnogo shara). Nauka. Moscow. 296 pp. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  2. Dergacheva, M.I., and V.S Dedkov. 1977. The effect of freezing-thawing on the organic matter of soils in Obs tundra. Ecol. 2: 17–30. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  3. Hotinsky, N.A. 1977. Holocene of the Northern Eurasia (Golocen severnoi Evrasii). Nauka. Moscow. 200 pp. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  4. Ivanova, E.N. 1962. Some regularities of the soil cover organization in the tundra and in the forest-tundra on the shore of the Obs gulf. On soils of Ural, West and Central Siberia. USSR Academy of Science Press. Moscow. pp. 49–116. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  5. ISSS Working Group RB. 1998. World Reference Base for Soil Resources. International Society of Soil Science (ISSS) and International Soil Reference and Information Centre and the Food and Agricuture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. World Soil Resources Report 84. FAO, Rome. 91 pp.Google Scholar
  6. Karavaeva, N.A. 1982. Bogging and the evolution of soils (Zabolachivanie i evolutsia pochv). Nauka. Moscow. 296 pp. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  7. Koposov, G.F. 1976. Soils of the river Taz upper reaches. Pochvovedenie. 4: 28–39. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  8. Ovchinnikov, S.M., T.A. Sokolova, and V.O. Targulian. 1973. Clay minerals in the loamy soils of the taiga and the forest-tundra of the West Siberia. Pochvovedenie. 12: 28–39. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  9. Shpolanskaya, N.A. 1973. Permafrost of the West Siberia and its connection with the actual heat-circulation between a ground and an atmosphere. The natural environment of the West Siberia. 3: 127–149. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  10. Targulian, V.O., A.N. Gudina, G.M. Tereshkov, and V.T. Trofimov. 1972. The natural environment and economic development in the Taz oil-gaz region. Nauka. Moscow. pp. 134–142. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  11. Tonkonogov, V.D. 1979. Peculiarities of Gleyzems in Yamal-Gydan tundra. Peculiarities of the soil formation in Siberia. Nauka. Novosibirsk. pp. 45–52. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  12. Tyrtikov, A.N. 1973. Thawing of grounds in the West Siberia tundra. The natural environment of the West Siberia. 3: 160–169. (In Russian.)Google Scholar
  13. Vasilievskaya,V.D., V.V. Ivanov, and L.G Bogatyrev. 1986. Soils of The North of West Siberia (Pochvi Severa Zapadnoi Sibiri). Moscow State Unive. Press. Moscow. 227 pp. (In Russian.)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. A. Karavaeva
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of GeographyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations