Biological Deterioration of Wood

  • Achim Unger
  • Arno P. Schniewind
  • Wibke Unger
Part of the Natural Science in Archaeology book series (ARCHAEOLOGY)

Abstract

Insects are the most important and most frequently found animal pests attacking wood. Wood is used by insects for food, shelter, and breeding. The most common wood-destroying insects belong to the orders Coleoptera (beetles) and Isoptera (termites). These are the primary pests for wood and are also referred to as wood-eating (xylophagous) insects. In addition to the wood-eating insects, there are also secondary pests, such as insects which breed in wood (e.g. ambrosia beetles), colonizing insects (e.g., ants) and those attacking stored materials (e.g. hide or leather beetles). Insects can also be divided into dry-wood pests and damp (green)-wood pests (ecosystematic classification, Table 5.1). Dry-wood pests live in air-dry wood (i.e., m.c. < 20%) free of decay. Damp-wood pests can be further divided into insects attacking fresh or green wood and those living in decayed wood. The former attack living trees or freshly felled logs, while the latter are specialized to live in wood with fungal decay.

Keywords

Arsenic Microbial Degradation Gypsum Cavitation Aspergillus 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Achim Unger
    • 1
  • Arno P. Schniewind
    • 2
  • Wibke Unger
    • 3
  1. 1.Staatliche Museen zu BerlinRathgen-ForschungslaborBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Forest Products LaboratoryUniversity of California at BerkeleyRichmondUSA
  3. 3.Sciences Eberswalde Wood Science and TechnologyUniversity of AppliedEberswaldeGermany

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