Molecular Evolution

  • Klaus Urich


Ideas about the process and the laws of evolution are mainly based upon the comparison of characters of living organisms. Whilst classical research into evolution indirectly draws conclusions about evolutionary changes in the genotype by the observation of phenotypic differences, especially morphological characters, the molecular approach to evolution deals directly with the genome through sequence comparisons of nucleic acids and proteins. The amount of data now available at this level is enormous and increases continuously. DNA-sequence analysis, which has been available for only a few years, has already produced more information than the previous three decades of protein sequencing [377]. These days amino acid sequences are mostly determined from the coding nucleotide sequences rather than by direct analysis.


Molecular Evolution Gene Conversion Molecular Clock Synonymous Substitution Sibling Species 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Klaus Urich
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für ZoologieUniversität MainzMainzGermany

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