The Structure and Metabolism of Carbohydrates

  • Klaus Urich
Chapter

Abstract

Compared with the variety of carbohydrates in plants, relatively few sugars or sugar derivatives are regularly found in animals either free or as components of more complex compounds. However, it is possible that sugars originating from plants in the diet are transiently retained in animals and distort the normal sugar spectrum. Approximately a dozen sugars and sugar derivatives are regularly found in animals: the pentoses d-ribose and 2-deoxy-d-ribose; the hexoses d-glucose, d-galactose, d-mannose, d-fructose and l-fucose; the uronic acids d-glucuronic acid and l-iduronic acid; and the hexosamines d-glucosamine and d-galactosamine. In addition, d-erythrose, d-ribulose, d-xylulose and d-sedoheptulose in the form of their phosphoric acid esters are intermediates of the pentose phosphate pathway.

Keywords

Inositol Xylitol Glycopeptide Dehydro Acetal 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Klaus Urich
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für ZoologieUniversität MainzMainzGermany

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