Gynecologic Tumors

  • K. S. C. Chao
  • M. Cengiz
  • T. Herzog
Part of the Medical Radiology book series (MEDRAD)


Primary and adjuvant radiation therapy has contributed significantly to the successful management of gynecologic malignancies. Traditionally, radiation therapy is often performed through either anterior-posterior parallel-opposed fields or a four-field technique consisting of an anterior, a posterior and two lateral portals. Although different authors have varying criteria to classify the severity of side effects, with these conventional techniques severe complications may develop in 8% to 10% of patients. It appears that the incidence of complications requiring surgical management is approximately 5% (Perez 1997).


Cervical Cancer Endometrial Carcinoma Intensity Modulate Radiation Therapy Pelvic Lymph Node Internal Iliac Artery 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. S. C. Chao
    • 1
  • M. Cengiz
    • 2
  • T. Herzog
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Radiation OncologyMD Anderson Cancer CenterHoustonUSA
  2. 2.Department of Radiation OncologyHacettepe University Medical SchoolAnkaraTurkey
  3. 3.Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and GynecologyWashington University Medical CenterSt. LouisUSA

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