Ernährung des Intensivpatienten

  • C. von Heymann


Prinzipiell ist bei der Ernährung des Intensivpatienten der enteralen Nährstoffzufuhr der Vorrang zu geben bzw. ein möglichst schneller bedarfsdeckender Aufbau der enteralen Ernährung anzustreben [1].


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Zaloga GP. Early enteral nutritional support improves outcome: hypothesis or fact? Crit Care Med 1999; 27: 259–261PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Lobo DN, Memon MA, Allison SP et al. (2000) Evaluation of nutritional support in acute pancreatitis. Br J Surg 87:695–707PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    The Veterans Affairs Total parenteral Nutrition Cooperative Stduy Group (1991) Perioperative Total Parenteral Nutrition In Surgical patients. New Engl J Med 325: 525–532CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    MacFie J, Woodcock NP, Palmer MD et al. (2000) Oral dietary supplements in pre- and postoperative surgical patients: a prospective and randomized clinical trial. Nutrition 16: 723–728PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Senftleben U, Felbinger T, Suchner U (2000) Pathophysiologie der Substratverwertung im Stressstoffwechsel: Bedeutung einer vollwertigen hypoenergetischen Ernährungstherapie. Akt Ernährungsmed 23: 207–223Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Fürst P, Pogan K, Stehle P (1997) Glutamine dipeptides in clinical nutrition. Nutrition 13: 731–737CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cerra FB, Benitez MR, Blackburn GL et al. (1997) Applied nutrition in ICU patients. A consensus statement of the American College of Chest Physicians. Chest 111: 769–778PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Goeters Ch, Wenn A, Mertes N et al. (2002) Parenteral L-alanyl-L-glutamine improves 6-month outcome in critially ill patients. Crit Care Med 30: 2032–37PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Jolliet P, Pichard C, Biolo G et al. (1998) Enteral Nutrition in Intensive Care Patients: A Practical Approach. Working Group on Nutrition and Metabolism, ESICM. European Society of Intensive Care Medicine. Intensive Care Med 24: 848–859PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Moore FA, Feliciano DV, Andrassy RJ et al. (1992) Early enteral feeding, compared with parenteral, reduces postoperative septic complications. The results of a meta-analysis. Ann Surg 216: 172–183PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Foitzik T, Stufler M, Hotz HG et al. (1997) Glutamine stabilizes intestinal permeability and reduces pancreatic infections in acute experimental pancreatitis. J Gastrointest Surg 1: 40–47PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Messori A, Trippoli S, Vaiani M et al. (2000) Bleeding and pneumonia in intensive care patients given ranitidine and sucralfate for prevention of stress ulcer, meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. BMJ 321 (1996): 1103–110PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Cook D, Heyland D, Griffith L et al. (1999) Risk factors for clinically important upper gastrointestinal bleeding in patients requiring mechanical ventilation. Canadian Critical Care Trials Group. Crit Care Med 27 (12): 2812–2817PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. von Heymann

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations