Respiration Dependent Pacemakers
During exercise cardiac output rises due to an increase in stroke volume as well as an increase in heart rate. In untrained persons as well as in patients with myocardial insufficiency a rise in cardiac output is mainly due to an increase in heart rate.
KeywordsHeart Rate Cardiac Output Stroke Volume Minimum Heart Rate Optimal Pace
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- Ionescu VL (1980) An “on demand pacemaker” responsive to respiration rate. PACE 3: 375Google Scholar