Inside the Buds: The Meristems

  • P. Laufs
  • J. Traas
Conference paper
Part of the Centre de Physique des Houches book series (LHWINTER, volume 14)

Abstract

In animals most organogenesis takes place during embryogenesis and further development consists mostly of growth and maturation of the embryonic organs. This is in contrast to plant embryo development, where only a very basic structure is set up [1]. Mature plant embryos are composed of a single shoot-root axis. The primary shoot consists of a small stem, and, depending on the species, one or several cotyledons (specialized embryonic leaf-like structures) and a limited number of leaves can be formed. Almost all the organs found in an adult plant are formed after germination by small groups of dividing cells called meristems. This implies that multiple ramifications that characterize the architecture of many adult plants take place during postembryonic plant development. The continuous mode of development in plants makes them very flexible, as they can adapt their growth and architecture (development) to environmental conditions. This adaptability counterbalances their inability to move and to flee local unpropitious conditions.

Keywords

Maize Doyle Gibberellin Transferase Phytol 

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  • P. Laufs
  • J. Traas

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