Impacts of Canopy Internal Gradients on Carbon and Water Exchange of Beech and Oak Trees

  • S. Fleck
  • M. Schmidt
  • B. Köstner
  • W. Faltin
  • J. D. Tenhunen
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 172)


Identifying the relevance of forest structure for stand photosynthesis and transpiration is one of the remaining challenges in plant physiological ecology. While leaves and their stomata are the causal agents of stand transpiration and canopy conductance, and their position and orientation are known to be decisive for their gas-exchange contribution, the spatial distribution pattern of leaves inside a forest cannot yet be considered in stand gas-exchange models. Canopy conductance of a mature tree is created by the conductances of about 1011 stomata (Larcher 2001; Fleck 2002, p. 49) which act depending on their local micrometeorological conditions (light, humidity). A process-oriented representation of forest canopy structures in stand gas-exchange models is, thus, still hindered by the enormous complexity of canopies, which makes it nearly impossible to assess and model them in detail.


Leaf Area Transpiration Rate Vapor Pressure Deficit Beech Tree Canopy Conductance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Fleck
  • M. Schmidt
  • B. Köstner
  • W. Faltin
  • J. D. Tenhunen

There are no affiliations available

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