Advertisement

Trace Gases and Particles in the Atmospheric Boundary Layer at the Waldstein Site: Present State and Historic Trends

  • O. Klemm
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 172)

Abstract

The atmosphere plays a key role in ecosystem functioning. Its general status and development is mainly driven by large-scale factors and processes. Climate change as a global and hemispherical phenomenon (macro-scale) is an example. On smaller scales, the atmosphere interacts intensively with terrestrial ecosystems, and thus plays a key role in ecosystem processes. An important example is the input of liquid water through precipitation, which is mainly driven by regional scale (meso-scale) processes. On even smaller scales (micro-scales), the exchange of nutrients and pollutants between the biosphere and the atmosphere strongly affects either one. Therefore, the interaction between the atmospheric boundary layer and the vegetation is a main focus of ecosystem research. Several chapters in this book deal with related topics, such as turbulent exchange of carbon dioxide and water vapor (Chap. 9), ozone (Chap. 12), biogenic volatile organic compounds (Chap. 13), deposition of nutrients such as nitrogen, as quantified through ecosystem balance methods (Chap. 14), and more. This chapter reviews recent and historic data of gas and particulate concentrations from the Bayreuth Institute for Terrestrial Ecosystem Research (BITÖK) experimental research site Waldstein in the Fichtelgebirge mountain range. For further details concerning applied techniques, data structure and quality control strategies, the interested reader is referred to Klemm and Lange (1999)and Held et al. (2002a, b).

Keywords

Sulfur Dioxide Aerosol Particle Atmospheric Boundary Layer Nitrogen Oxide Biogenic Volatile Organic Compound 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Held A, Hinz K-P, Trimborn A, Spengler B, Klemm O (2002a) Chemical classes of atmospheric aerosol particles at a rural site in central Europe during winter. J Aerosol Sci 33:581–594CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Held A, Wrzesinsky T, Mangold A, Gerchau J, Klemm O (2002b) Atmospheric phase distribution of oxidized and reduced nitrogen at a forest ecosystem research site. Chemosphere 48:697–706PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Held A, Hinz K-P, Trimborn A, Spengler B, Klemm O (2003) Towards direct measurement of turbulent vertical fluxes of compounds in atmospheric aerosol particles. Geophys Res Lett 30:216–219CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Klemm O (2001) Trends in fog composition at a site in NE Bavaria. In: Proc 2nd Int Conf on Fog and Fog Collection, 15–20 July, St John’s, Newfoundland, CanadaGoogle Scholar
  5. Klemm O, Lange H (1999) Trends of air pollution in the Fichtelgebirge mountains, Bavaria. Environ Sci Pollut Res 6:193–199CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Klemm O, Stockwell WR, Schlager H, Krautstrunk M (2000) NOxor VOC limitation in east German ozone plumes? J Atmos Chem 35:1–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Schulze E-D, Lange OL, Oren R (1989) Forest decline and air pollution: a study of spruce (Picea abies) on acids soils. Ecological studies 77. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New YorkCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Umweltbundesamt (2002) Umweltdaten Deutschland 2002. http://www.umweltbunde-samt.de
  9. Vestreng V, Klein H (2002) Emission data reported to UNECE/EMEP: quality assurance and trend analysis and presentation of WebDab, MSC-W status report 2002. http://webdab.emep.int Google Scholar
  10. Wyers GP, Otjes RP, Slanina J (1993) A continuous flow dénuder for the measurement of ambient concentrations and surface-exchange fluxes of ammonia. Atmos Environ 27A:2085–2090Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. Klemm

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations