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Element Fluxes with Litterfall in Mature Stands of Norway Spruce and European Beech in Bavaria, South Germany

  • B. Berg
  • P. Gerstberger
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 172)

Abstract

Litterfall is the largest natural inflow of organic material and nutrients to the forest floor and in most European forests is dominated by that from the trees. The chemical composition of this material and the temperature and moisture content of the upper soil layers are considered to be the main factors controlling the turnover rates of the shed litter and the release of nutrients. Thus they also determine the quantity of nutrients released and the accumulation of humus and nutrients. Few larger studies have been made on litterfall on a European basis. For needles of Norway spruce and different pine species, Berg and Meentemeyer (2001) made a study covering the main part of western Europe, whereas for European beech, for example, few values have been published.

Keywords

Forest Floor European Beech Mature Stand Litter Mass Loss Needle Litter 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Berg
  • P. Gerstberger

There are no affiliations available

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