Fuel Deposition Rates in Migrating Birds: Causes, Constraints and Consequences

  • Åke Lindström
Conference paper


Most, if not all, migrants deposit fuel before they fly. Some migrants can more than double their mass from fuelling (Piersma and Gill 1998), whereas others, like the white stork, Ciconia cconia, put on small amounts and stop for feeding every day (Berthold et al. 2001).


Spring Migration Stopover Site Autumn Migration White Stork Garden Warbler 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Åke Lindström
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Animal EcologyLund University, Ecology BuildingLundSweden
  2. 2.Netherlands Institute for Sea Research (NIOZ)Den Burg, TexelThe Netherlands

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