Anthrax pp 33-60 | Cite as

Anthrax Vaccines

  • A. M. Friedlander
  • S. L. Welkos
  • B. E. Ivins
Part of the Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology book series (CT MICROBIOLOGY, volume 271)

Abstract

The only impetus for the development of new anthrax vaccines is to protect humans against the intentional use of Bacillus anthracis as a bioterrorist or warfare agent. Live attenuated vaccines against anthrax in domesticated animals were among the very first vaccines developed. This was followed by the development of nonliving component vaccines leading to the eventual licensure of protein-based vaccines for human use in the 1970s. This chapter will review the recent advances in developing protein, live attenuated, and genetic vaccines against anthrax.

Keywords

Formalin Fermentation Attenuation Bacillus Oligomerization 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. M. Friedlander
    • 1
  • S. L. Welkos
    • 1
  • B. E. Ivins
    • 1
  1. 1.U. S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious DiseasesFrederickUSA

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