Aufgaben und Ziele der Andrologie

  • E. Nieschlag

Zusammenfassung

Würde diese Definition im Sinne einer Soziobiologie interpretiert, die die Fortpflanzung zur zentralen Aufgabe des Lebens macht und die den gesamten Organismus in den Dienst der Fortpflanzung stellt (z. B. Dawkins 1994), würde die Andrologie ein weites Gebiet darstellen. Generell und auch in dieser Definition wird jedoch unter Andrologie die Lehre von den Fortpflanzungsfunktionen des Mannes und deren Störungen im engeren Sinne verstanden.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literatur

  1. Antes G (1998) Evidence based medicine. Internist 39:899–908 Bender S (1953) End results in treatment of primary sterility. Fertil Steril 4: 34–40Google Scholar
  2. Bruckert E (1991) How frequent is unintentional childlessness in Germany? Androl 23: 245–250Google Scholar
  3. Bundesärztekammer (1998) Richtlinien zur assistierten Reproduktion. Dtsch Ärztebl 95: C2230 - C2235Google Scholar
  4. Collins JA, Burrows EA, Willian AR (1995) The prognosis for live birth among untreated infertile couples. Fertil Steril 64: 22–28PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Cummins J, Jequier A (1999) Gazing into the crystal ball: future diagnosis and management in andrology. In: Glover TD, Barrat CLR (eds) Male fertility and infertility. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1999, pp 248–266Google Scholar
  6. Dawkins R (1994) Das egoistische Gen. 2. Auflage. Spektrum Akademischer Verlag, Heidelberg European Academy of Andrology (EAA) Handbook 1999. Int J Androl 22, suppl 1Google Scholar
  7. Evidence-Based Medicine Working Group (1992) Evidence-based medicine: A new approach to teaching the practice of medicine. JAMA 17: 2420–2425Google Scholar
  8. Deutsches IVF-Register (DIR) 1998, Bad SegebergGoogle Scholar
  9. Falk HC, Kaufmann SA (1950) What constitutes a normal semen? Fertil Steril 1: 489–496PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Farley TMM, Betsey FH (1988) The prevalance and aetiology of infertility. In: Biological Components of Fertility. The Proceedings of the African Population Conference, Dakar, Senegal, November 1988. International Union for the Scientific Study of Population, Liège, Belgium, voll, pp 2.1.15–2. 1. 30Google Scholar
  11. Gotzsche PC (1994) Is there logic in the placebo? Lancet 344: 925–926PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Juul S, Karmaus W, Olsen J and The European Infertility and Subfecundity Study Group (1999) Regional differences in waiting time to pregnancy: pregnancy-based surveys from Denmark, France, Germany, Italy and Sweden. Hum Reprod 14: 1250–1254Google Scholar
  13. Kamischke A, Nieschlag E (1999) Analysis of medical treatment of male infertility. Hum Reprod 14, suppl 1: 1–23Google Scholar
  14. Knuth UA, Mühlenstedt D (1991) Kinderwunschdauer, kontrazeptives Verhalten und Rate vorausgegangener Infertilitätsbehandlung. Geburtsh Frauenheilk 51: 679–684CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. McLeod J, Gold RZ, McLane CM (1955) Correlation of the male and female factors in human infertility. Fertil Steril 6: 112–120Google Scholar
  16. National Library of Medicine (1993) Medical subject headings: Annotated alphabetical list 1994. National Institute of Health, Bethesda MDGoogle Scholar
  17. Nieschlag E (1986) Perspektiven der Reproduktionsmedizin. Hautarzt 37: 190–197PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Nieschlag E, Hertle L, Fischedick A, Abshagen K, Behre HM (1998) Update on treatment of varicocele: counselling as effective as occlusion of the vena spermatica. Hum Reprod 13: 2147–2150PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Schmidt L, Münster K (1995) Infertility, involuntary infecundity, and the seeking of medical advice in industrialized countries 1970–1992: a review of concepts, measurements and results. Hum Reprod 10x407–1418Google Scholar
  20. Schneider HPG (1994) Einführung in die Thematik der Infertilität und Sterilität. In: Krebs D, Schneider HPG (Hrsg) Endokrinologie und Reproduktionsmedizin III. Klinik der Frauenheilkunde und Geburtshilfe, Band 3, Urban u. Schwarzenberg München, pp 89–92Google Scholar
  21. Snick HKA, Snick TS, Evers JLH, Collins JA (1997) The spontaneous pregnancy prognosis in untreated subfertile couples: the Walcheren primary care study. Hum Reprod 12: 15821588Google Scholar
  22. Stolwijk AM, Straatman H, Zielhuis GA, Jongbloet PH (1996) Seasonal variation in the time to pregnancy: avoiding bias by using the date of onset. Epidemiology 7: 156–160PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Templeton AA (1992) The epidemiology of infertility. In: Templeton AA, Drife JO (eds) Infertility. Springer London, pp 23–32Google Scholar
  24. Tietze C, Guttmacher AF, Rubin S (1950) Time required for conception in 1727 planned pregnancies. Fertil Steril 1: 338–346PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Vandekerckhove P, O’Donavan PA, Lilford RJ, Harada TW (1993) Infertility treatment: from cookery to science. The epidemiology of randomized controlled trials. Br J Obstet Gynaecol 10: 1005–1036Google Scholar
  26. Noord-Zaadstra BM, Looman CWN, Alsbach H, Habbema JDF, to Velde ER, Karbaat J (1991) Delaying childbearing: effect of age on fecundity and outcome of pregancy. Brit Med J 302x361–1365Google Scholar
  27. Wilcox AJ, Weinberg CR, Baird D (1995) Timing of sexual intercourse in relation to ovulation: Effects on the probability of conception, survival of the pregnancy, and sex of the baby. N Engl J Med 333: 1517–1521Google Scholar
  28. WHO Task Force on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Infertility (1987): Towards more objectivity in diagnosis and management of male infertility. Int J Androl Suppl 7Google Scholar
  29. WHO: Laborhandbuch zur Untersuchung des menschlichen Ejakulates und der Spermien/Zervixschleim-Interaktion (1999). Übersetzung: Nieschlag E, Nieschlag S, Bals-Pratsch M, Behre HM, Knuth UA, Meschede D, Niemeier M, Schick A, 4. Auflage, Springer, Berlin-Heidelberg-New YorkGoogle Scholar
  30. WHO Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction (1994–1998) Challenges in reproductive health research. Biennial Reports. WHO, GenevaGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Nieschlag

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations