Inhibition of Na+, K+-ATPase by Hydrostatic Pressure
We investigated the influence of hydrostatic pressure on the activity of the Na+, K+-ATPase from rabbit kidney. The activity of the enzyme was determined using a kinetic assay which couples ATP hydrolysis to NADH oxidation. The decrease of NADH fluorescence intensity was measured in a high-pressure optical cell. In this paper we present first experimental results. The data show that the activity of Na+, K+-ATPase is inhibited reversibly by pressures below 2 kbar. At higher pressures, the enzyme is inactivated irreversibly, however. The plot of ln(activity) vs. pressure is essentially linear, thus allowing for the calculating of an apparent activation volume of the pressure-induced inhibition reaction which amounts to ΔV ≠ = 47.1 ± 2.3 mL mol−1. The inhibition might be induced by a pressure-induced ordering of the acyl-chains of the lipid matrix or due to subunit dissociation.
KeywordsHydrolysis Quartz Sucrose Albumin Lactate
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