Propagation Characterization and MIMO Channel Modeling for 3G

  • Laurent Schumacher
  • Lars T. Berger
  • Juan Ramiro-Moreno
  • Troels B. Sørensen
Part of the Signals and communication technology book series (SCT)


Although the characterization of wireless channels started several decades ago, and has since been the subject of intense research activities, it still attracts lots of interest. One of the main reasons for this continuing interest is the fact that, until some years ago, most of the modeling activities had focused on the time-domain aspects. This had led to a large set of models, which can be sorted according to the outdoor vs. indoor dichotomy. Usually, in outdoor scenarios, the fixed Node B1 is located much higher than the mobile User Equipment (UE2), such that the scatterers which account for the diffuse transmission of the signals are mostly lying close to the UE. On the contrary, in indoor scenarios, the environment surrounding UE and Node B is much more similar which introduces symmetry to the propagation phenomena. The outdoor vs. indoor dichotomy led to the development of two sets of models, the first one accounting for outdoor, mobile scenarios, while the second one describes indoor, portable ones. The models proposed by (COST 207 1989, ITU 1997) are among the most widely accepted for the outdoor environments. They account for the time dispersion and the time variation of the mobile channel. On the other hand, the model proposed in (Saleh and Valenzuela 1987) focuses on indoor phenomena.


Channel Model MIMO System Antenna Element Channel Coefficient Space Division Multiple Access 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laurent Schumacher
    • 1
  • Lars T. Berger
    • 2
  • Juan Ramiro-Moreno
    • 2
  • Troels B. Sørensen
    • 2
  1. 1.Computer Science InstituteNamur UniversityBelgium
  2. 2.Department of Communication TechnologyAalborg UniversityDenmark

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