Caloric Stimulation Pattern in Traumatic Coma and Some rCBF Changed Induced by Caloric Vestibular Stimulation

  • U. Schønsted-Madsen
  • G. Fogstrup
  • J. Overgaard
  • T. Rosendal
Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Neurosurgery book series (NEURO, volume 11)


Oculo-vestibular reflexes can be elicited in the comatose by caloric stimulation with ice-cold water. As early as 1910 ROSENFELDT (11) concluded that the type of reaction was a measure of the depth of coma. In 1952 KLINGON (5) investigated brain stem vascular disorders, in 1958 ETHELBERG and VERNET (13) studied supratentorial intracranial tumors and in 1962 BLEGVAD (1) wrote on barbiturate intoxication and oculo-vestibular reflexes. Head injured patients were studied in 1972 by ZILSTORFF and POULSEN (10). BLEGVAD as well as the two last mentioned authors did their studies with water at 30° C.


External Auditory Meatus Unconscious Patient Medial Longitudinal Fasciculus Caloric Stimulation Traumatic Coma 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • U. Schønsted-Madsen
    • 1
  • G. Fogstrup
    • 1
  • J. Overgaard
    • 1
  • T. Rosendal
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Neurological SurgeryOdense University HospitalOdense CDenmark

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