Up to now we have concerned ourselves with the properties of nuclei in the ground state or the lower lying excited states. We have seen that the observed phenomena are characterised, on the one hand, by the properties of a degenerate fermion system and, on the other, by the limited number of the constituents. The nuclear force generates, to a good approximation, an overall mean field in which the nucleons move like free particles. In the shell model the finite size of nuclei is taken into account and the states of the individual nucleons are classified according to radial excitations and angular momenta. Thermodynamically speaking, we assign such systems zero temperature.
KeywordsBurning Dust Microwave Lithium Steam
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