Soil Pollution pp 140-171 | Cite as

Pollutants’ alteration, transformation, and initiation of chemical changes within the soil

  • Ibrahim A. Mirsal


In a highly complicated system of different phases, such as soil subsurface, penetrating substances will go through a myriad of chemical, physical, and biological processes that will determine their fate, besides controlling the degree of their toxicity to the environment. Such subsurface processes are broadly classified into the following groups:
  1. A.

    Physical processes (processes related to chemical mobility)

  2. B.

    Chemical processes

  3. C.

    Biological processes



Pyruvic Acid Foreign Substance Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Phosphate Glutathione Conjugation Mercapturic Acid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ibrahim A. Mirsal
    • 1
  1. 1.DillenburgGermany

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