Soil Pollution pp 140-171 | Cite as

Pollutants’ alteration, transformation, and initiation of chemical changes within the soil

  • Ibrahim A. Mirsal


In a highly complicated system of different phases, such as soil subsurface, penetrating substances will go through a myriad of chemical, physical, and biological processes that will determine their fate, besides controlling the degree of their toxicity to the environment. Such subsurface processes are broadly classified into the following groups:
  1. A.

    Physical processes (processes related to chemical mobility)

  2. B.

    Chemical processes

  3. C.

    Biological processes



Sulphide Cobalt Manganese Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Nitrite 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ibrahim A. Mirsal
    • 1
  1. 1.DillenburgGermany

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