Advertisement

Biosensors. Natural Systems and Machines

  • Stanislav Stipek
  • Ernesto Calvo

Abstract

All living organisms are connected to the environment by some kind of chemical recognition and signal generation system. For instance, we make use of our senses: olfaction, sight, touch, taste and hearing to recognize either molecules (olfaction and taste) or physical stimuli (photons, sound waves, pressure, etc.). Likewise, each individual cell in unicellular or multicellular organisms senses stimuli from its surrounding environment (extracellular fluids, other cells and so on) through receptors on the cell surface.

Keywords

Enzyme Electrode Glucose Biosensor Plate Oscillation Affinity Reaction Liquid Membrane Electrode 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Turner, APF, Karube, I and Wilson, GS (1987) Biosensors: Fundamentals and Applications. Oxford University Press, Oxford. 770 pGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Clark, LC Jnr (1956) Trans. Am. Soc. Artif. Intern. Organs 2, 41–48Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Clark, LC Jnr. (1962) Ann. NY Acad. Sci. 102, 29–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Updike, SJ and Hicks, JP Nature 214, 986–988Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Guilbault, GG and Montalvo,(1969) J JACS 91, 2164–2569CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Commercial biosensors. Applications to clinical, bioprocess and environment samples, Ed. G. Ramsay, vol 148, Series of Monographs on Analytical Chemistry, J. Wiley and Sons, Inc., N. York 1998 )Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Cooney, CL, Weaver, JC, Tannebaum, SR, Faller, SR, Shields, DV and Jahnke, M (1974) In: “Enzyme Engineering” (Eds. E.K. Pye and L.B. Wingard Jnr.) 2, 411–417. Plenum, New York.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Mosbach, K and Danielsson, B (1974) Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 364, 140–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Divis, C (1975) Annals of Microbiology 126A, 175–186Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Lubbers, DW and Opitz, NZ(1975) Naturforsch. C: Biosci. 30c, 532–533Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Voelkl, KP, Voelkl, N and Lubbers, DW (1980) Fres. Z. Anal. Chem. 301, 162–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Clemens, AH, Chang, PH and Myers, RW (1976) Proc. Journes Ann. de Diabtologie de l’Htel-Dieu,ParisGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Shichiri, M, Kawamori, R, Yamaski, R, Hakai, Y and Abe, H (1982) Lancet ii, 1129–1131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Liedberg, B, Nylander, C and Lundstrm, I (1983) Sensors and Actuators 4, 299–304CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Cass, AEG, Francis, DG, Hill, HAO, Aston, WJ, Higgins, IJ, Plotkin, EV, Scott, LDL and Turner, APF (1984) Anal. Chem. 56, 667–671CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Alberts B, Johnson A, Lewis J, Raff M, Roberts K, Walter P (2002) Molecular Biology of the Cell. 4 th edition. Garland Science, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Calvo EJ, Danilowicz C, Wolosiuk A (2002) Molecular “Wiring” Enzymes in Organized Nanostructures. J.Am.Chem.Soc. 124: 2452–2453CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Chaki NK, Vijayamohanan K(2002) Self-assembled monolayers as a tunable platform for biosensor applications. Biosensors & Bioelectronics 17: 1–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stanislav Stipek
    • 1
  • Ernesto Calvo
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Medical BiochemistryCharles University in PragueCzech Republic
  2. 2.Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y NaturalesUniversidad de Buenos AiresArgentina

Personalised recommendations