Biosensors. Natural Systems and Machines

  • Stanislav Stipek
  • Ernesto Calvo


All living organisms are connected to the environment by some kind of chemical recognition and signal generation system. For instance, we make use of our senses: olfaction, sight, touch, taste and hearing to recognize either molecules (olfaction and taste) or physical stimuli (photons, sound waves, pressure, etc.). Likewise, each individual cell in unicellular or multicellular organisms senses stimuli from its surrounding environment (extracellular fluids, other cells and so on) through receptors on the cell surface.


Enzyme Electrode Glucose Biosensor Plate Oscillation Affinity Reaction Liquid Membrane Electrode 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stanislav Stipek
    • 1
  • Ernesto Calvo
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Medical BiochemistryCharles University in PragueCzech Republic
  2. 2.Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y NaturalesUniversidad de Buenos AiresArgentina

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