Future Innovations

  • K. Büttner-Janz
  • S. H. Hochschuler
  • H. D. Link


Technical advancement in spinal surgery has occurred in the last decade, not only with the advent artificial intervertebral discs and other implants, but also in diagnostic evaluation methods (MRI, DEXA), minimally invasive surgical approaches and improvements in therapeutic interventions (e.g. osteoinductive and osteoconductive bone graft extenders, BMP applications and others). The future innovations of the artificial disc will be determined on one hand by the general developments in surgery and orthopedics and, on the other hand, by special requirements unique to spinal surgery and the spine field which will drive improvements.


Facet Joint Total Joint Arthroplasty Disc Cell Total Disc Replacement Disc Replacement 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Büttner-Janz
  • S. H. Hochschuler
  • H. D. Link

There are no affiliations available

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