Technical advancement in spinal surgery has occurred in the last decade, not only with the advent artificial intervertebral discs and other implants, but also in diagnostic evaluation methods (MRI, DEXA), minimally invasive surgical approaches and improvements in therapeutic interventions (e.g. osteoinductive and osteoconductive bone graft extenders, BMP applications and others). The future innovations of the artificial disc will be determined on one hand by the general developments in surgery and orthopedics and, on the other hand, by special requirements unique to spinal surgery and the spine field which will drive improvements.
KeywordsFatigue Titanium Toxicity Cage Agarose
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