Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: The Radiologist’s Point of View
Radiology has always played a fundamental role in the diagnosis and evaluation of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), and particularly of Crohn’s disease (CD). Barium studies of the gastrointestinal tract are still considered — after more than 50 years from the first radiological description of CD — a primary diagnostic tool in the evaluation of IBD (Marshak et al. 1955; Maglinte et al. 1992; Herlinger et al. 1994). In the last decade, however, the role of radiology has further enlarged, thanks to significant improvements in the field of cross-sectional imaging [ultrasonography, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)]. This role has significantly changed, moving from the assessment of the luminal and mucosal changes to a more extensive assessment and investigation of the transmural extension of the inflammatory disease.
KeywordsInflammatory Bowel Disease Spiral Compute Tomography Crohn Disease Distal Ileum Barium Study
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