Functional Anatomy of the Pelvic Floor
Pelvic organ prolapse and urinary incontinence are debilitating problems that prevent one in nine women from enjoying a full and active life (Olsen et al. 1997). They arise due to injuries and deterioration of the muscles, nerves and connective tissue that support and control normal pelvic organ function. Although it is clear that incontinence and prolapse increase with age (Olsen et al. 1997), there is no hour during a woman’s life when these structures are more vulnerable than during the time a woman delivers a child. Vaginal birth confers a 4- to 11-fold increase in risk of developing pelvic organ prolapse (Mant et al. 1997).
KeywordsPelvic Floor Pelvic Organ Prolapse Pelvic Floor Muscle Vaginal Wall Anterior Vaginal Wall
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