Competition and Collaboration in Sport

  • Gunter Gebauer
Conference paper


The two principles currently attracting attention in European industry, competition and collaboration, are also the decisive forces in modern sport. In sport, we see an example of how these forces can interact to continuously improve and enhance performance. What Harry Teifel highlights in his contribution — namely, that “collaboration and competition are found in all value chains today and often have significant potential for improvement” — is precisely what unfolds before the eyes of spectators in sports stadiums. The same phenomenon that experts on economic strategy focus on takes place at sporting events, producing striking results: “value adding processes “ occur with the objective of aligning “collaborative and competitive forces “. Like business enterprises, athletes work towards a “permanent enhancement in efficiency” (Peter Stehle), and “the speed of improvement” (Hans Erich Mundt) gives them a decisive competitive advantage.


Athletic Competition Impartial Spectator Opposing Team Permanent Enhancement Champion League 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Elias N, Dunning E (1986) Quest for Excitement. Sport and Leisure in the Civilizing Process. Blackwell, Oxford (esp. Introduction by Norbert Elias, pp 19–62)Google Scholar
  2. Gebauer G (2002) Sport in der Gesellschaft des Spektakels. Academia, Sankt AugustinGoogle Scholar
  3. Simmel G(1983) Soziologie der Konkurrenz. In: Simmel G, Schriften zur Soziologie, Dahme H-J, Rammstedt O (eds). Suhrkamp, Frankfurt am Main, pp 221–242Google Scholar
  4. Goffman E (1971) Interaktionsrituale. Über Verhalten in direkter Kommunikation. Suhrkamp, Frankfurt am MainGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gunter Gebauer
    • 1
  1. 1.Freie Universität BerlinGermany

Personalised recommendations