Evergreen Mediterranean Forests. Carbon and Water Fluxes, Balances, Ecological and Ecophysiological Determinants

  • G. Tirone
  • S. Dore
  • G. Matteucci
  • S. Greco
  • R. Valentini
Part of the Ecological Studies book series (ECOLSTUD, volume 163)

Abstract

The area covered by Mediterranean sclerophyllous forests and woodlands has been reported to amount to 8.5 Gha, with biomass of 50 Gt and a total productivity of 6 Gt (Whittaker and Likens 1975). Mediterranean-type ecosystems occur in five different regions of the world, all between a latitude of 30° and 40°. In the Northern Hemisphere they occur around the Mediterranean Sea and the coastline of California (USA), while in the Southern Hemisphere they occur in the Cape region of South Africa, the southwestern part of Australia, and the Chilean coastline (Mooney et al. 1974; Miller 1981a; Hobbs et al. 1995).

Keywords

Biomass Dioxide Covariance Respiration Assimilation 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Tirone
  • S. Dore
  • G. Matteucci
  • S. Greco
  • R. Valentini

There are no affiliations available

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