Numerical Modelling of Transport Processes in the Subsurface

  • R. Hinkelmann
  • R. Helmig


In this paper an overview is given about numerical modelling of transport processes in the subsurface. Numerical models enable a better process understanding, can determine local or global budgets and are able to make predictions for changing conditions. The physical and mathematical model concepts are introduced for subsurface transport processes in a single phase, water, and, briefly in two phases, water and gas. The last model concept is required to simulate flow and transport processes when e.g. free gas occurs. In many cases, flow and transport processes must be considered in two or three dimensions. Finite-Difference, Finite-Element and Finite-Volume Methods are discussed together with stabilization techniques which are required because of the advection / dispersion character of the basic equations. The authors give recommendations to the different methods. In the future the models can be further developed to simulate non-isothermal multiphase / multicomponent processes, which occur e.g. around gas hydrates.


Transport Process Representative Elementary Volume Unstructured Mesh Implicit Method Courant Number 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut für Wasserbau, Lehrstuhl für Hydromechanik und HydrosystemmodellierungUniversität StuttgartStuttgartGermany

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