• Felix Schier


We use 5-mm/0° laparoscopes, 30° laparoscopes are more difficult to handle. Fogging can be prevented by increasing the light intensity to 100% before inserting the laparoscope. This heats the tip of the laparoscope. Alternatively, anti-fogging solution can be used. Keep the laparoscope as far away as possible from the target organ. This facilitates orientation.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Felix Schier
    • 1
  1. 1.Abteilung für KinderchirurgieFriedrich-Schiller-UniversitätJenaGermany

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