We use 5-mm/0° laparoscopes, 30° laparoscopes are more difficult to handle. Fogging can be prevented by increasing the light intensity to 100% before inserting the laparoscope. This heats the tip of the laparoscope. Alternatively, anti-fogging solution can be used. Keep the laparoscope as far away as possible from the target organ. This facilitates orientation.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.